IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/wiw/wiwrsa/ersa01p27.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

An International Comparison of National Clusters

Author

Listed:
  • Alex R. Hoen

    ()

Abstract

The presence of innovative clusters may positively influence domestic economic growth. If it is possible to identify these clusters, economic growth may be increased even further by developing policy that stimulates innovative clusters. Identifying clusters, however, is not an easy task. Input- output tables provide a possibility to identify clusters of sectors. These so-called meso clusters answer the question as to which sectors firms that work together stem from. Hence, meso-clusters provide a framework which indicates how a cluster may be composed. An earlier analysis identified Dutch meso clusters. This opens the possibility to compare these Dutch clusters with clusters in other countries, which helps to answer two questions. Firstly, it shows which clusters exist in which countries. These clusters highlight difference in the way sectors work together in different countries, which may explain different patterns of specialisation or even different economic growth rates. Secondly, differences between similar clusters in different countries are analysed. These differences may stem from, for example, different sectors in similar clusters or from different levels of innovation, productivity, profitability or different export positions of similar clusters. The present paper uses the cluster identification method to compare national clusters in ten countries: Australia, Canada, Denmark, France, Germany Italy, Japan, The Netherlands, The United Kingdom, and The United States. The most remarkable differences between clusters found in these countries and the most interesting differences between the sectors included in the same cluster in different countries are discussed. This provides insight in the differences of the inter-industry linkages in these countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Alex R. Hoen, 2001. "An International Comparison of National Clusters," ERSA conference papers ersa01p27, European Regional Science Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa01p27
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www-sre.wu.ac.at/ersa/ersaconfs/ersa01/papers/full/27.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Krugman, Paul & Venables, Anthony J., 1996. "Integration, specialization, and adjustment," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 40(3-5), pages 959-967, April.
    2. Antonelli, Cristiano, 2001. "The Microeconomics of Technological Systems," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199245536.
    3. Schmutzler, Armin, 1999. " The New Economic Geography," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 13(4), pages 355-379, September.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Alex Hoen, 2001. "Clusters: Determinants and Effects," CPB Memorandum 17, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
    2. Robles Teigeiro, Luis & Ramos Carvajal, Carmen, 2007. "Una propuesta metodológica para la identificación y evaluación de clusters a partir de tablas Input-Output. Una aplicación para Andalucía/A Methodological Proposal for Getting the Sectorial Clusters i," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 25, pages 759-790, Diciembre.

    More about this item

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa01p27. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Gunther Maier). General contact details of provider: http://www.ersa.org .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.