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Determinants of Industrial Location Patterns in CEECs

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  • Antje Hildebrandt
  • Julia Wörz

Abstract

We describe concentration tendencies in individual manufacturing industries in Central and Eastern European countries and identify relevant factors causing these patterns. Using output and employment data for 14 manufacturing industries over the years 1993-2002, we observe an increase in concentration of industrial activity (both in output and employment terms). This is opposed to the general trend prevailing in Western Europe over the same period. Using panel estimation techniques, we explain these developments by factors derived from traditional trade theory (differences in endowments or technologies), new trade theory (expenditure patterns, scale economies) and new economic geography (backward and forward linkages, transport costs). Concentration is driven by differences in human capital and the local concentration of demand. While output concentration is strongly influenced by productivity differentials, concentration of the labour force is strongly related to wage differences. Differences in productivity levels influence output concentration patterns in all industries, while the relevance of other factors varies across industries.

Suggested Citation

  • Antje Hildebrandt & Julia Wörz, 2004. "Determinants of Industrial Location Patterns in CEECs," wiiw Working Papers 32, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
  • Handle: RePEc:wii:wpaper:32
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Mary Amiti, 1999. "Specialization patterns in Europe," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 135(4), pages 573-593, December.
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    5. Ellison, Glenn & Glaeser, Edward L, 1997. "Geographic Concentration in U.S. Manufacturing Industries: A Dartboard Approach," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 105(5), pages 889-927, October.
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    7. Vasily Astrov, 2004. "Wirtschaftsentwicklung in den MOEL durch deutliche Konvergenz geprägt," wiiw Research Reports in German language 2004-05, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.
    8. Helpman, Elhanan, 1981. "International trade in the presence of product differentiation, economies of scale and monopolistic competition : A Chamberlin-Heckscher-Ohlin approach," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 11(3), pages 305-340, August.
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    Cited by:

    1. Gianfranco De Simone, 2008. "Trade in Parts and Components and the Industrial Geography of Central and Eastern European Countries," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 144(3), pages 428-457, October.
    2. Pierella Paci & Erwin R. Tiongson & Mateusz Walewski & Jacek Liwinski & Maria M. Stoilkova, 2007. "Internal Labor Mobility in Central Europe and the Baltic Region," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 6598.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    location of industry; relative and absolute concentration; Central and Eastern Europe;

    JEL classification:

    • C21 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • L60 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - General

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