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Toward economic diversification in Trinidad and Tobago


  • Longmore, Rohan
  • Jaupart, Pascal
  • Cazorla, Marta Riveira


This paper contributes to the predominant diversification debate that has been ongoing in Trinidad and Tobago for more than three decades. The paper makes a determination of the key impediments to the country's attempts at diversification. Econometric techniques are applied on panel data to identify the most significant obstacles to economic diversification for a set of 183 countries. The results indicate that openness to foreign direct investment inflows is the most fundamental driver of diversification. The findings are then applied to the specific case of Trinidad and Tobago through a detailed analysis of the links in the trends followed by foreign direct investment and diversification between 1980 and 2011. Greater openness to foreign direct investment and improving the business climate appear to be key policies the twin-island republic could implement further in order to expand the range of activities of its economic structure.

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  • Longmore, Rohan & Jaupart, Pascal & Cazorla, Marta Riveira, 2014. "Toward economic diversification in Trinidad and Tobago," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6840, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:6840

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Christopher F Baum, 2006. "An Introduction to Modern Econometrics using Stata," Stata Press books, StataCorp LP, number imeus, March.
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    3. Mohsin Habib & Leon Zurawicki, 2002. "Corruption and Foreign Direct Investment," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Academy of International Business, vol. 33(2), pages 291-307, June.
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    2. Neudorfer, Natascha S., 2018. "Commodities and corruption – How the middle class and democratic institutions lead to less corruption in resource-rich countries," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 175-191.
    3. Keston K. Perry, 2018. "The Dynamics of Industrial Development in a Resource-Rich Developing Society: A Political Economy Analysis," Journal of Developing Societies, , vol. 34(3), pages 264-296, September.
    4. Ashraf, Sania & P., Jithin & Slim, Skander & Najeeb, Roshen, 2023. "Global value chains and economic complexity index: Evidence from generalized panel quantile regression," Economic Analysis and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 80(C), pages 347-365.
    5. Hallonsten, Jan Simon & Ziesemer, Thomas, 2016. "A semi-endogenous growth model for developing countries with public factors, imported capital goods, and limited export demand," MERIT Working Papers 2016-004, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).

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    Economic Theory&Research; Emerging Markets; Access to Finance; Debt Markets; Currencies and Exchange Rates;
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