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Who benefits from promoting small and medium scale enterprises ? some empirical evidence from Ethiopia

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  • Rijkers, Bob
  • Laderchi, Caterina Ruggeri
  • Teal, Francis

Abstract

The Addis Ababa Integrated Housing Development Program aims to tackle the housing shortage and unemployment that prevail in Addis Ababa by deploying and supporting small and medium scale enterprises to construct low-cost housing using technologies novel for Ethiopia. The motivation for such support is predicated on the view that small firms create more jobs per unit of investment by virtue of being more labor intensive and that the jobs so created are concentrated among the low-skilled and hence the poor. To assess whether the program has succeeded in biasing technology adoption in favor of labor and thereby contributed to poverty reduction, the impact of the program on technology usage, labor intensity, and earnings is investigated using a unique matched workers-firms dataset, the Addis Ababa Construction Enterprise Survey. The data are representative of all registered construction firms in Addis and were collected specifically for the purpose of analyzing the impact of the program. The authors find that program firms do not adopt different technologies and are not more labor intensive than non-program firms. There is an earnings premium for program participants, who tend to be relatively well-educated, which is heterogeneous and highest for those at the bottom of the earnings distribution.

Suggested Citation

  • Rijkers, Bob & Laderchi, Caterina Ruggeri & Teal, Francis, 2008. "Who benefits from promoting small and medium scale enterprises ? some empirical evidence from Ethiopia," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4629, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:4629
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Girum Abebe, 2015. "State-inducement Versus Self-initiation: A Comparative Study of Micro and Small Enterprises in Ethiopia," Working Papers 013, Ethiopian Development Research Institute.
    2. Wim Naudé, 2011. "Foreign Aid for Innovation: The Missing Ingredient in Private Sector Development?," Working Papers 2011/35, Maastricht School of Management.

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    Keywords

    Labor Markets; Access to Finance; Economic Theory&Research; Microfinance; Labor Policies;
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