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Analysis of poverty in Poland in 1997 - 2000 using hazard models

Author

Listed:
  • Natalia Nehrebecka

    () (Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw)

  • Agata Kocia

    () (Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw)

Abstract

In this work, the size and character of poverty in Poland was studied based on a panel data from CHER (Consortium of Household Panels for European Socio-Economic Research) database for the years 1997 - 2000. The analyses have shown a low households’ dynamic of income in this period. The sum of years spent in poverty as well as different sequences of entry to and exit from poverty suggest a permanence of this phenomenon in the population. During the period studied, the basis for the calculation of the number of years spent in poverty was the rate of exit from and entry to poverty. The calculations were made using a method of analyzing poverty based on hazard models, considering observed and unobserved heterogeneity of individuals in order to “explain” a chance of exit and return to the sphere of poverty.

Suggested Citation

  • Natalia Nehrebecka & Agata Kocia, 2009. "Analysis of poverty in Poland in 1997 - 2000 using hazard models," Working Papers 2009-09, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw.
  • Handle: RePEc:war:wpaper:2009-09
    as

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    File URL: http://www.wne.uw.edu.pl/inf/wyd/WP/WNE_WP19.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2009
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Lorenzo Cappellari & Stephen P. Jenkins, 2004. "Modelling low income transitions," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 19(5), pages 593-610.
    2. Martin Biewen, 2003. "Who Are the Chronic Poor?: Evidence on the Extent and the Composition of Chronic Poverty in Germany," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 350, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    3. Francesco Devicienti, 2011. "Estimating poverty persistence in Britain," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 40(3), pages 657-686, May.
    4. Ann Huff Stevens, 1999. "Climbing out of Poverty, Falling Back in: Measuring the Persistence of Poverty Over Multiple Spells," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 34(3), pages 557-588.
    5. Francesco Devicienti, 2002. "Poverty persistence in Britain: A multivariate analysis using the BHPS, 1991–1997," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 77(1), pages 307-340, December.
    6. Dolton, Peter J & van der Klaauw, Wilbert, 1995. "Leaving Teaching in the UK: A Duration Analysis," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 105(429), pages 431-444, March.
    7. Sarah Jarvis & Stephen P. Jenkins, 1997. "Low income dynamics in 1990s Britain," Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, vol. 18(2), pages 123-142, May.
    8. Hansen, Jörgen & Wahlberg, Roger, 2004. "Poverty Persistence in Sweden," IZA Discussion Papers 1209, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    permanent poverty; hazard models; multi-time episodes; unobserved heterogeneity;

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • C41 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Duration Analysis; Optimal Timing Strategies

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