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Inequality in Child Academic Achievement in Single Parent Households: Evidence from Brazil

  • Andrew W. Horowitz


    (Department of Economics, Sam M. Walton College of Business, University of Arkansas)

  • Andre Portela Souza


    (Department of Economics, Vanderbilt University and Department of Economics, University of Sao Paulo)

In this paper we compare the intra-household dispersion of children�s education achievement in single female-parent households with two-parent households. We find significantly more dispersion across children in households� headed by females after controlling for household per-capita permanent income and other anticipated correlates. These results are robust and suggest that single-female parents are forced to alter the distribution as well as the level of household investment in children. Our empirical analysis is preceded by development of a theoretical model that suggests the correlation between the intra-household dispersion of academic achievement and single-parenthood may be general; i.e., not specific to Brazil. These results may have important policy implications for the interventions and incentives that target single parent households.

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Paper provided by Vanderbilt University Department of Economics in its series Vanderbilt University Department of Economics Working Papers with number 0425.

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Date of creation: Dec 2004
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Handle: RePEc:van:wpaper:0425
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