Inequality in Child Academic Achievement in Single Parent Households: Evidence from Brazil
In this paper we compare the intra-household dispersion of childrenï¿½s education achievement in single female-parent households with two-parent households. We find significantly more dispersion across children in householdsï¿½ headed by females after controlling for household per-capita permanent income and other anticipated correlates. These results are robust and suggest that single-female parents are forced to alter the distribution as well as the level of household investment in children. Our empirical analysis is preceded by development of a theoretical model that suggests the correlation between the intra-household dispersion of academic achievement and single-parenthood may be general; i.e., not specific to Brazil. These results may have important policy implications for the interventions and incentives that target single parent households.
|Date of creation:||Dec 2004|
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- Robert Haveman & Barbara Wolfe, 1995. "The Determinants of Children's Attainments: A Review of Methods and Findings," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 33(4), pages 1829-1878, December.
- Andrew W. Horowitz & Andre Portela Souza, 2004.
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Vanderbilt University Department of Economics Working Papers
0408, Vanderbilt University Department of Economics.
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- Ravallion, Martin & Wodon, Quentin, 2000. "Does Child Labour Displace Schooling? Evidence on Behavioural Responses to an Enrollment Subsidy," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 110(462), pages 158-175, March.
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