IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/usg/econwp/201202.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Missing in Asynchronicity: A Kalman-EM Approach for Multivariate Realized Covariance Estimation

Author

Listed:
  • Corsi, Fulvio

    ()

  • Peluso, Stefano

    ()

  • Audrino, Francesco

    ()

Abstract

Motivated by the need for an unbiased and positive-semidefinite estimator of multivariate realized covariance matrices, we model noisy and asynchronous ultra-high-frequency asset prices in a state-space framework with missing data. We then estimate the covariance matrix of the latent states through a Kalman smoother and Expectation Maximization (KEM) algorithm. In the expectation step, by means of the Kalman filter with missing data, we reconstruct the smoothed and synchronized series of the latent price processes. In the maximization step, we search for covariance matrices that maximize the expected likelihood obtained with the reconstructed price series. Iterating between the two EM steps, we obtain a KEM-improved covariance matrix estimate which is robust to both asynchronicity and microstructure noise, and positive-semidefinite by construction. Extensive Monte Carlo simulations show the superior performance of the KEM estimator over several alternative covariance matrix estimates introduced in the literature. The application of the KEM estimator in practice is illustrated on a 10-dimensional US stock data set.

Suggested Citation

  • Corsi, Fulvio & Peluso, Stefano & Audrino, Francesco, 2012. "Missing in Asynchronicity: A Kalman-EM Approach for Multivariate Realized Covariance Estimation," Economics Working Paper Series 1202, University of St. Gallen, School of Economics and Political Science.
  • Handle: RePEc:usg:econwp:2012:02
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://ux-tauri.unisg.ch/RePEc/usg/econwp/EWP-1202.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    Other versions of this item:

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. repec:hal:journl:peer-00815564 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Andersen T. G & Bollerslev T. & Diebold F. X & Labys P., 2001. "The Distribution of Realized Exchange Rate Volatility," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 96, pages 42-55, March.
    3. Ole E. Barndorff-Nielsen & Neil Shephard, 2002. "Estimating quadratic variation using realized variance," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 17(5), pages 457-477.
    4. Scholes, Myron & Williams, Joseph, 1977. "Estimating betas from nonsynchronous data," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 5(3), pages 309-327, December.
    5. Nikolaus Hautsch & Lada M. Kyj & Roel C. A. Oomen, 2012. "A blocking and regularization approach to high‐dimensional realized covariance estimation," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 27(4), pages 625-645, June.
    6. Fan, Jianqing & Wang, Yazhen, 2007. "Multi-Scale Jump and Volatility Analysis for High-Frequency Financial Data," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 102, pages 1349-1362, December.
    7. Peter R. Hansen & Asger Lunde & James M. Nason, 2011. "The Model Confidence Set," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 79(2), pages 453-497, March.
    8. Heston, Steven L, 1993. "A Closed-Form Solution for Options with Stochastic Volatility with Applications to Bond and Currency Options," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 6(2), pages 327-343.
    9. Lo, Andrew W. & Craig MacKinlay, A., 1990. "An econometric analysis of nonsynchronous trading," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 45(1-2), pages 181-211.
    10. Zhang, Lan, 2011. "Estimating covariation: Epps effect, microstructure noise," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 160(1), pages 33-47, January.
    11. Cohen, Kalman J. & Hawawini, Gabriel A. & Maier, Steven F. & Schwartz, Robert A. & Whitcomb, David K., 1983. "Friction in the trading process and the estimation of systematic risk," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 263-278, August.
    12. Xiu, Dacheng, 2010. "Quasi-maximum likelihood estimation of volatility with high frequency data," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 159(1), pages 235-250, November.
    13. Ole E. Barndorff-Nielsen & Shephard, 2002. "Econometric analysis of realized volatility and its use in estimating stochastic volatility models," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series B, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 64(2), pages 253-280.
    14. Fulvio Corsi & Francesco Audrino, 2012. "Realized Covariance Tick-by-Tick in Presence of Rounded Time Stamps and General Microstructure Effects," Journal of Financial Econometrics, Society for Financial Econometrics, vol. 10(4), pages 591-616, September.
    15. Aït-Sahalia, Yacine & Fan, Jianqing & Xiu, Dacheng, 2010. "High-Frequency Covariance Estimates With Noisy and Asynchronous Financial Data," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 105(492), pages 1504-1517.
    16. Bollerslev, Tim & Zhang, Benjamin Y. B., 2003. "Measuring and modeling systematic risk in factor pricing models using high-frequency data," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 10(5), pages 533-558, December.
    17. Peter Reinhard Hansen & Asger Lunde & James M. Nason, 2003. "Choosing the Best Volatility Models: The Model Confidence Set Approach," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 65(s1), pages 839-861, December.
    18. de Jong, Frank & Nijman, Theo, 1997. "High frequency analysis of lead-lag relationships between financial markets," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 4(2-3), pages 259-277, June.
    19. Fabienne Comte & Eric Renault, 1998. "Long memory in continuous-time stochastic volatility models," Mathematical Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 8(4), pages 291-323.
    20. Torben G. Andersen & Tim Bollerslev & Francis X. Diebold & Paul Labys, 2003. "Modeling and Forecasting Realized Volatility," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(2), pages 579-625, March.
    21. Maria Elvira Mancino & Simona Sanfelici, 2011. "Estimating Covariance via Fourier Method in the Presence of Asynchronous Trading and Microstructure Noise," Journal of Financial Econometrics, Society for Financial Econometrics, vol. 9(2), pages 367-408, Spring.
    22. Valeri Voev & Asger Lunde, 2007. "Integrated Covariance Estimation using High-frequency Data in the Presence of Noise," Journal of Financial Econometrics, Society for Financial Econometrics, vol. 5(1), pages 68-104.
    23. Suzanne S. Lee & Per A. Mykland, 2008. "Jumps in Financial Markets: A New Nonparametric Test and Jump Dynamics," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 21(6), pages 2535-2563, November.
    24. Merton, Robert C., 1980. "On estimating the expected return on the market : An exploratory investigation," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 8(4), pages 323-361, December.
    25. Ole E. Barndorff-Nielsen & Neil Shephard, 2001. "Non-Gaussian Ornstein-Uhlenbeck-based models and some of their uses in financial economics," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series B, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 63(2), pages 167-241.
    26. Nijman, T.E. & de Jong, F.C.J.M., 1997. "High frequency analysis of lead-lag relationships between financial markets," Other publications TiSEM f4f406a0-771a-4af2-9364-6, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Yuta Koike, 2013. "Limit Theorems for the Pre-averaged Hayashi-Yoshida Estimator with Random Sampling," Global COE Hi-Stat Discussion Paper Series gd12-276, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
    2. Neil Shephard & Dacheng Xiu, 2012. "Econometric analysis of multivariate realised QML: efficient positive semi-definite estimators of the covariation of equity prices," Economics Papers 2012-W04, Economics Group, Nuffield College, University of Oxford.
    3. Audrino, Francesco, 2014. "Forecasting correlations during the late-2000s financial crisis: The short-run component, the long-run component, and structural breaks," Computational Statistics & Data Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 43-60.
    4. repec:cte:wsrepe:es142416 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Jin, Xin & Maheu, John M., 2016. "Bayesian semiparametric modeling of realized covariance matrices," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 192(1), pages 19-39.
    6. Boudt, Kris & Laurent, Sébastien & Lunde, Asger & Quaedvlieg, Rogier & Sauri, Orimar, 2017. "Positive semidefinite integrated covariance estimation, factorizations and asynchronicity," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 196(2), pages 347-367.
    7. Liu, Cheng & Tang, Cheng Yong, 2014. "A quasi-maximum likelihood approach for integrated covariance matrix estimation with high frequency data," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 180(2), pages 217-232.
    8. Yongheng Deng & Eric Girardin & Roselyne Joyeux, 2015. "Fundamentals and the Volatility of Real Estate Prices in China: A Sequential Modelling Strategy," Working Papers 222015, Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research.
    9. Veredas, David & Vander Elst, Harry, 2014. "Disentangled jump-robust realized covariances and correlations with non-synchronous prices," DES - Working Papers. Statistics and Econometrics. WS ws142416, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Estadística.
    10. Matthias R. Fengler & Ostap Okhrin, 2012. "Realized Copula," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2012-034, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
    11. Giuseppe Buccheri & Giacomo Bormetti & Fulvio Corsi & Fabrizio Lillo, 2018. "A Score-Driven Conditional Correlation Model for Noisy and Asynchronous Data: an Application to High-Frequency Covariance Dynamics," Papers 1803.04894, arXiv.org.
    12. Michael Ho & Jack Xin, 2016. "Sparse Kalman Filtering Approaches to Covariance Estimation from High Frequency Data in the Presence of Jumps," Papers 1602.02185, arXiv.org, revised Apr 2016.
    13. repec:eee:econom:v:201:y:2017:i:1:p:19-42 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Ulrich Hounyo, 2014. "Bootstrapping integrated covariance matrix estimators in noisy jump-diffusion models with non-synchronous trading," CREATES Research Papers 2014-35, Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    High frequency data; Realized covariance matrix; Market microstructure noise; Missing data; Kalman filter; EM algorithm; Maximum likelihood;

    JEL classification:

    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
    • C51 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Construction and Estimation
    • C52 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Evaluation, Validation, and Selection
    • C58 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Financial Econometrics

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:usg:econwp:2012:02. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Martina Flockerzi). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/vwasgch.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.