Workersâ€™ Remittances and International Tjalling C. Koopmans Research Institute
One of the most important potential benefits from the process of international financial integration is the opportunity it offers for diversification of macroeconomic risks internationally. In turn, the cross- border diversification of portfolio holdings is widely considered to be the major driving force behind this process. The present paper offers a complement to this literature. It identifies workersâ€™ remittance flows to developing countries as an important channel through which the process of international risk-sharing might take place. Using a panel dataset that includes most developing countries during the period 1990-2000, this study demonstrates that countries which receive above-average levels of workersâ€™ remittances achieve higher degrees of international risk-sharing in consumption. Moreover, this effect is not uniform across different groups of developing countries, being the strongest in transition economies.
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