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A structural model of Australia as a small open economy


  • Kristoffer Nimark


This paper sets up and estimates a structural model of Australia as a small open economy using Bayesian techniques. Unlike other recent studies, the paper shows that a small microfounded model can capture the open economy dimensions quite well. Specifically, the model attributes a substantial fraction of the volatility of domestic output and inflation to foreign disturbances, close to what is suggested by unrestricted VAR studies. The paper also investigates the effects of various exogenous shocks on the Australian economy.

Suggested Citation

  • Kristoffer Nimark, 2009. "A structural model of Australia as a small open economy," Economics Working Papers 1211, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
  • Handle: RePEc:upf:upfgen:1211

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Timothy Kam & Kirdan Lees & Philip Liu, 2009. "Uncovering the Hit List for Small Inflation Targeters: A Bayesian Structural Analysis," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 41(4), pages 583-618, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Lie, Denny & Yadav, Anirudh S., 2015. "Time-Varying Trend Inflation and the New Keynesian Phillips Curve in Australia," Working Papers 2015-14, University of Sydney, School of Economics.
    2. Kuttner, Ken & Robinson, Tim, 2010. "Understanding the flattening Phillips curve," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 21(2), pages 110-125, August.
    3. Mr Steinbach & Pt Mathuloe & Bw Smit, 2009. "An Open Economy New Keynesian Dsge Model Of The South African Economy," South African Journal of Economics, Economic Society of South Africa, vol. 77(2), pages 207-227, June.
    4. Jarkko P. Jääskelä & Kristoffer Nimark, 2011. "A Medium‐Scale New Keynesian Open Economy Model of Australia," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 87(276), pages 11-36, March.
    5. Sheen, Jeffrey & Wang, Ben Zhe, 2016. "Assessing labor market frictions in a small open economy," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 231-251.
    6. Harding, Don & Negara, Siwage, 2008. "Estimating baseline real business cycle models of the Australian economy," MPRA Paper 33556, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Daniel M. Rees & Penelope Smith & Jamie Hall, 2016. "A Multi-sector Model of the Australian Economy," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 92(298), pages 374-408, September.
    8. Shuyun May Li & Adam Hal Spencer, 2016. "Effectiveness of the Australian Fiscal Stimulus Package: A DSGE Analysis," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 92(296), pages 94-120, March.
    9. Kristoffer Nimark & Jarkko Jääskelä, 2008. "A medium-scale open economy model of Australia," Economics Working Papers 1210, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
    10. Mariano Kulish & Daniel Rees, 2008. "Monetary Transmission and the Yield Curve in a Small Open Economy," RBA Research Discussion Papers rdp2008-03, Reserve Bank of Australia.
    11. Andrew Hodge & Tim Robinson & Robyn Stuart, 2008. "A Small BVAR-DSGE Model for Forecasting the Australian Economy," RBA Research Discussion Papers rdp2008-04, Reserve Bank of Australia.
    12. Philip Liu, 2007. "Stabilizing The Australian Business Cycle: Good Luck Or Good Policy?," CAMA Working Papers 2007-24, Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
    13. Jarkko Jääskelä & Rebecca McKibbin, 2010. "Learning in an Estimated Small Open Economy Model," RBA Research Discussion Papers rdp2010-02, Reserve Bank of Australia.
    14. Jeremy Lawson & Daniel Rees, 2008. "A Sectoral Model of the Australian Economy," RBA Research Discussion Papers rdp2008-01, Reserve Bank of Australia.
    15. Habib, Maurizio Michael & Stráský, Jan, 2008. "Oil exporters: in search of an external anchor," Working Paper Series 958, European Central Bank.
    16. Brzoza-Brzezina, Michał & Makarski, Krzysztof & Wesołowski, Grzegorz, 2014. "Would it have paid to be in the eurozone?," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 66-79.
    17. Philip Liu, 2010. "The Effects of International Shocks on Australia's Business Cycle," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 86(275), pages 486-503, December.
    18. Mardi Dungey & Denise Osborn & Mala Raghavan, 2014. "International Transmissions to Australia: The Roles of the USA and Euro Area," The Economic Record, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 90(291), pages 421-446, December.
    19. Kulish, Mariano & Rees, Daniel, 2011. "The yield curve in a small open economy," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 85(2), pages 268-279.
    20. repec:bla:ecorec:v:93:y:2017:i:300:p:42-66 is not listed on IDEAS
    21. Philip Liu, 2008. "The Role of International Shocks in Australia’s Business Cycle," RBA Research Discussion Papers rdp2008-08, Reserve Bank of Australia.
    22. Yan M Sun, 2011. "From West to East; Estimating External Spillovers to Australia and New Zealand," IMF Working Papers 11/120, International Monetary Fund.
    23. Abbas, Syed Kanwar & Sgro, Pasquale M., 2011. "New Keynesian Phillips Curve and inflation dynamics in Australia," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 28(4), pages 2022-2033, July.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E30 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics


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