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Export-Led Industrialisation and Growth - Korea's Economic Miracle 1962-89



The period 1962-89 witnessed a remarkable transformation of the South Korean economy, from being poverty ridden to the attainment of the status of newly industrialised nation. This transformation was achieved through the adoption of an outward oriented industry led strategy, based, particularly during the period of the 1970s, upon the development of large-scale industrial conglomerates and the attainment of economies of scale and technology to achieve international competitiveness. By the early 1980s this strategy had resulted in major structural imbalances, a weakened financial section, heavy concentration in domestic markets, and a repressed development of small and medium enterprises. By the end of the 1980s, despite attempts at economic reform during this decade, the structural and financial problems remained which were to prove the country’s undoing during the financial and economic crisis of 1997-98. This issue of whether Korea’s performance during this period can be described as an economic miracle is also reviewed. The empirical evidence on this issue is mixed and no conclusive evidence can be drawn. However, despite this, the achievements of the Korean economy during the period under discussion should not be underestimated.

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  • Harvie, Charles & Lee, Hyun-Hoon, 2003. "Export-Led Industrialisation and Growth - Korea's Economic Miracle 1962-89," Economics Working Papers wp03-01, School of Economics, University of Wollongong, NSW, Australia.
  • Handle: RePEc:uow:depec1:wp03-01

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    8. Michael Sarel, 1997. "Growth and Productivity in Asean Countries," IMF Working Papers 97/97, International Monetary Fund.
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    Cited by:

    1. Harvie, Charles & Lee, Hyun-Hoon, 2005. "Korea's Fading Economic Miracle 1990-97," Economics Working Papers wp05-09, School of Economics, University of Wollongong, NSW, Australia.
    2. Diao, Xinshen & McMillan, Margaret S., 2014. "Towards understanding economic growth in Africa: A reinterpretation of the Lewis Model:," IFPRI discussion papers 1380, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    3. Xinshen Diao & Margaret McMillan, 2015. "Toward an Understanding of Economic Growth in Africa: A Re-Interpretation of the Lewis Model," NBER Working Papers 21018, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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