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Spatial distance in a technology gap model

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  • Caniëls, Marjolein
  • Verspagen, Bart

    (MERIT)

Abstract

This paper analyses the effect of locally bounded knowledge spillovers on regionaldifferences in growth. A model will be developed that allows spillovers to take place acrossregions. Certain conditions determine the amount of spillovers a region receives. By use ofsimulations (with randomised parameter constellations), it is possible to examine the generalbehaviour of the model. It is found that certain patterns in the gaps of the knowledge stocksappear repeatedly. The inclusion of geographical distance in a technology gap model leads tothe observation that when differences (in parameters such as the learning capability or theexogenous rate of knowledge generation) increase across regions, the disparity in terms ofGDP per capita between them decreases. This counterintuitive result is a direct effect from theinclusion of geographical distance in the model.

Suggested Citation

  • Caniëls, Marjolein & Verspagen, Bart, 1999. "Spatial distance in a technology gap model," Research Memorandum 021, Maastricht University, Maastricht Economic Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
  • Handle: RePEc:unm:umamer:1999021
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    File URL: https://www.merit.unu.edu/publications/rmpdf/1999/rm1999-021.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Robert J. Barro, 2013. "Inflation and Economic Growth," Annals of Economics and Finance, Society for AEF, vol. 14(1), pages 121-144, May.
    2. Malerba, Franco & Orsenigo, Luigi, 1995. "Schumpeterian Patterns of Innovation," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 19(1), pages 47-65, February.
    3. Fagerberg, Jan, 1994. "Technology and International Differences in Growth Rates," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 32(3), pages 1147-1175, September.
    4. Barro, Robert T. & Sala-I-Martin, Xavier, 1992. "Regional growth and migration: A Japan-United States comparison," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 6(4), pages 312-346, December.
    5. Adam B. Jaffe & Manuel Trajtenberg & Rebecca Henderson, 1993. "Geographic Localization of Knowledge Spillovers as Evidenced by Patent Citations," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 108(3), pages 577-598.
    6. Jaffe, Adam B, 1989. "Real Effects of Academic Research," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(5), pages 957-970, December.
    7. Freeman, C., 1991. "Networks of innovators: A synthesis of research issues," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 20(5), pages 499-514, October.
    8. Acs, Zoltan J & Audretsch, David B & Feldman, Maryann P, 1992. "Real Effects of Academic Research: Comment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 82(1), pages 363-367, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Mozhgan Moallemi & Shekofeh Farahmand, 2005. "Regional Trade Integration and Spatial Effects in the Euro-Mediterranean Zone," Iranian Economic Review (IER), Faculty of Economics,University of Tehran.Tehran,Iran, vol. 10(1), pages 1-13, spring.
    2. Thomas Brenner & Niels Weigelt, 2001. "The Evolution Of Industrial Clusters — Simulating Spatial Dynamics," Advances in Complex Systems (ACS), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 4(01), pages 127-147.
    3. Patrick Llerena & André Lorentz, 2003. "Alternative Theories on Economic Growth and the Co-evolution of Macro-Dynamics and Technological Change: A survey," LEM Papers Series 2003/27, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.
    4. Frederic Carluer, 2005. "Dynamics of Russian regional clubs: The time of divergence," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 39(6), pages 713-726.
    5. Claude DIEBOLT & Karine PELLIER, 2009. "La convergence des activités innovantes en Europe. Les enseignements de l’économétrie spatiale appliquée à l’histoire du temps présent," Economies et Sociétés (Serie 'Histoire Economique Quantitative'), Association Française de Cliométrie (AFC), issue 40, pages 805-831, May.
    6. Rajagopal, 2006. "Influence of Advertising Variability, Brand Extension Effects, Brand Name, Variety Seeking Behavior and Customer Value on Buying Decisions: A Multi-experiment Analysis," Marketing Working Papers 2006-01-MKT, Tecnológico de Monterrey, Campus Ciudad de México.

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    Keywords

    regional and urban economics ;

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