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Impacto de la maternidad adolescente en los logros educativos

  • Mariana Gerstenblüth

    (Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)

  • Zuleika Ferre

    (Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)

  • Máximo Rossi

    (Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)

  • Patricia Triunfo

    (Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)

Based on the Survey on Social and Biological Reproduction of the Uruguayan Population: an approximation to gender and generations car- ried out by the Gender and Generations project in 2004, we study the e¤ect of teenage childbearing on educational outcomes of mothers. The predicted results show that women in the sample present a 58% probability of completing 9 or more years of formal education. Taking mothers education as a proxy of parental atmosphere, we .?nd that daughters of those mothers that completed at least secondary education have 21% more probability of completing 9 or more years of education. At the same time, early motherhood of the women?s mother and the number of siblings reduces the probability of educational achievements, as these variables indicate a low socioeconomic status of the household. As regards to the early motherhood of the women in the sample, it reduces the probability of completing 9 or more years of education by approximately 40%.

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File URL: http://decon.edu.uy/publica/2009/0509.pdf
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Paper provided by Department of Economics - dECON in its series Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) with number 0509.

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Length: 19 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2009
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ude:wpaper:0509
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  1. Lundberg, S. & Plotnick, R.D., 1994. "Adolescent Premarital Childbearing: Do Economic Incentives Matters?," Discussion Papers in Economics at the University of Washington 94-4, Department of Economics at the University of Washington.
  2. Melissa S. Kearney & Phillip B. Levine, 2007. "Subsidized Contraception, Fertility, and Sexual Behavior," NBER Working Papers 13045, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Heckman, James J. & Robb, Richard Jr., 1985. "Alternative methods for evaluating the impact of interventions : An overview," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 30(1-2), pages 239-267.
  4. Alissa Goodman & Greg Kaplan & Ian Walker, 2004. "Understanding the effects of early motherhood in Britain: the effects on mothers," IFS Working Papers W04/20, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  5. Theodore Joyce & Michael Grossman, 1990. "Pregnancy wantedness and the early initiation of prenatal care," Demography, Springer, vol. 27(1), pages 1-17, February.
  6. Madeline Zavodny, 2000. "Does it take two? the effect of partners' characteristics on teenage pregnancy," Working Paper 99-9, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta.
  7. Evans, William N & Oates, Wallace E & Schwab, Robert M, 1992. "Measuring Peer Group Effects: A Study of Teenage Behavior," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 100(5), pages 966-91, October.
  8. Joshua D. Angrist & William N. Evans, 1996. "Schooling and Labor Market Consequences of the 1970 State Abortion Reforms," NBER Working Papers 5406, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Rees, Daniel I. & Argys, Laura M. & Averett, Susan L., 2001. "New evidence on the relationship between substance use and adolescent sexual behavior," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 20(5), pages 835-845, September.
  10. Geronimus, Arline T & Korenman, Sanders, 1992. "The Socioeconomic Consequences of Teen Childbearing Reconsidered," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 107(4), pages 1187-214, November.
  11. Rashad, Inas & Kaestner, Robert, 2004. "Teenage sex, drugs and alcohol use: problems identifying the cause of risky behaviors," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(3), pages 493-503, May.
  12. Zuleika Ferre & Cecilia González & Máximo Rossi & Patricia Triunfo, 2005. "Los jóvenes en Uruguay: salud y redes sociales. Uruguay 2004," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0505, Department of Economics - dECON.
  13. Sascha O. Becker & Andrea Ichino, 2002. "Estimation of average treatment effects based on propensity scores," Stata Journal, StataCorp LP, vol. 2(4), pages 358-377, November.
  14. Sen, Bisakha, 2002. "Does alcohol-use increase the risk of sexual intercourse among adolescents? Evidence from the NLSY97," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 21(6), pages 1085-1093, November.
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