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Propensión al emprendimiento: ¿Los emprendedores nacen, se educan o se hacen?

Author

Listed:
  • Bárbara Flores
  • Óscar Landerretche
  • Gabriela Sánchez

Abstract

Este estudio tiene como objetivo analizar cuáles son las características y competencias de los individuos que influyen en la probabilidad de emprender en Chile. Para ello, utilizando la Encuesta de Protección Social de los años 2006 y 2009 se estiman dos modelos, uno estático que utiliza información de corte transversal y uno retrospectivo que incluye controles relacionados con la historia de los individuos. Una de las particularidades del presente trabajo es que estudia si el conocimiento sobre el sistema financiero, determina la probabilidad de emprender. Para identificar su efecto dada su endogeneidad, los modelos son estimados utilizando el método de Variables Instrumentales. Además, se controla por variables de aversión al riesgo, percepción sobre capacidades individuales y diversificación de los sectores económicos en que se ha trabajado. Los resultados indican que la experiencia en el mercado laboral y el grado de aversión al riesgo son variables significativas al explicar emprendimiento. En efecto, haber trabajado en una micro-empresa, contar con un mayor número de emprendimientos realizados, y tener un bajo nivel de aversión al riesgo, induce mayor probabilidad de emprender.

Suggested Citation

  • Bárbara Flores & Óscar Landerretche & Gabriela Sánchez, 2011. "Propensión al emprendimiento: ¿Los emprendedores nacen, se educan o se hacen?," Working Papers wp330, University of Chile, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:udc:wpaper:wp330
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    File URL: http://www.econ.uchile.cl/uploads/publicacion/5ef2b69e0dae12f6182726f5a9318cab0c5b62d7.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Claudio Michelacci & Olmo Silva, 2007. "Why So Many Local Entrepreneurs?," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 89(4), pages 615-633, November.
    2. Blanchflower, David G & Oswald, Andrew J, 1998. "What Makes an Entrepreneur?," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 16(1), pages 26-60, January.
    3. Silvia Ardagna & Annamaria Lusardi, 2010. "Explaining International Differences in Entrepreneurship: The Role of Individual Characteristics and Regulatory Constraints," NBER Chapters,in: International Differences in Entrepreneurship, pages 17-62 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Josh Lerner & Antoinette Schoar, 2010. "International Differences in Entrepreneurship," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number lern08-2, July.
    5. Raphael Bergoeing & Andrea Repetto, 2006. "Micro Efficiency and Aggregate Growth in Chile," Latin American Journal of Economics-formerly Cuadernos de Economía, Instituto de Economía. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile., vol. 43(127), pages 169-192.
    6. Pia Arenius & Maria Minniti, 2005. "Perceptual Variables and Nascent Entrepreneurship," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 24(3), pages 233-247, February.
    7. Guiso, Luigi & Schivardi, Fabiano, 2005. "Learning to be an Entrepreneur," CEPR Discussion Papers 5290, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    8. Klapper, Leora & Laeven, Luc & Rajan, Raghuram, 2006. "Entry regulation as a barrier to entrepreneurship," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 82(3), pages 591-629, December.
    9. Barton H. Hamilton, 2000. "Does Entrepreneurship Pay? An Empirical Analysis of the Returns to Self-Employment," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 108(3), pages 604-631, June.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Emprendimiento; Alfabetismo Financiero; Aversión al Riesgo.;

    JEL classification:

    • D01 - Microeconomics - - General - - - Microeconomic Behavior: Underlying Principles
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • M13 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - New Firms; Startups
    • M54 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Personnel Economics - - - Labor Management

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