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The Corridor Problem: Preliminary Results on the No-toll Equilibrium

Author

Listed:
  • Richard Arnott

    () (Department of Economics, University of California Riverside)

  • Elijah DePalma

    () (Department of Statistics, University of California, Riverside)

Abstract

Consider a traffic corridor that connects a continuum of residential locations to a point central business district, and that is subject to flow congestion. The population density function along the corridor is exogenous, and except for location vehicles are identical. All vehicles travel along the corridor from home to work in the morning rush hour, and have the same work start time but may arrive early. The two compo- nents of costs are travel time costs and schedule delay (time early) costs. Determining equilibrium and optimum traffic flow patterns for this continuous model, and possible extensions, is termed "The Corridor Problem". Equilibria must satisfy the trip-timing condition, that at each location no vehicle can experience a lower trip price by depart- ing at a different time. This paper investigates the no-toll equilibrium of the basic Corridor Problem.

Suggested Citation

  • Richard Arnott & Elijah DePalma, 2010. "The Corridor Problem: Preliminary Results on the No-toll Equilibrium," Working Papers 201003, University of California at Riverside, Department of Economics, revised Jan 2010.
  • Handle: RePEc:ucr:wpaper:201003
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. DePalma, Elijah & Arnott, Richard, 2011. "Morning Commute in a Single-Entry Traffic Corridor with No Late Arrivals," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt1h2604ft, University of California Transportation Center.
    2. Ross, Stephen L. & Yinger, John, 2000. "Timing Equilibria in an Urban Model with Congestion," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(3), pages 390-413, May.
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    4. Vickrey, William S, 1969. "Congestion Theory and Transport Investment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 59(2), pages 251-260, May.
    5. Small, Kenneth A, 1982. "The Scheduling of Consumer Activities: Work Trips," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 72(3), pages 467-479, June.
    6. Arnott, Richard J., 1979. "Unpriced transport congestion," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 21(2), pages 294-316, October.
    7. Newell, G. F., 1993. "A simplified theory of kinematic waves in highway traffic, part I: General theory," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 27(4), pages 281-287, August.
    8. Tian, Qiong & Huang, Hai-Jun & Yang, Hai, 2007. "Equilibrium properties of the morning peak-period commuting in a many-to-one mass transit system," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 41(6), pages 616-631, July.
    9. Kanemoto, Yoshitsugu, 1977. "Cost-benefit analysis and the second best land use for transportation," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 4(4), pages 483-503, October.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Fosgerau, Mogens & de Palma, André, 2012. "Congestion in a city with a central bottleneck," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 71(3), pages 269-277.
    2. Akamatsu, Takashi & Wada, Kentaro & Hayashi, Shunsuke, 2015. "The corridor problem with discrete multiple bottlenecks," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 81(P3), pages 808-829.
    3. van der Weijde, Adriaan Hendrik & Verhoef, Erik T. & van den Berg, Vincent A.C., 2013. "Competition in multi-modal transport networks: A dynamic approach," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 31-44.
    4. Tsekeris, Theodore & Geroliminis, Nikolas, 2013. "City size, network structure and traffic congestion," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 1-14.
    5. Sergejs Gubins & Erik T. Verhoef, 2012. "Dynamic Congestion and Urban Equilibrium," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 12-137/VIII, Tinbergen Institute.
    6. Wang, David Z.W. & Du, Bo, 2016. "Continuum modelling of spatial and dynamic equilibrium in a travel corridor with heterogeneous commuters—A partial differential complementarity system approach," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 85(C), pages 1-18.
    7. Wu, Wen-Xiang & Huang, Hai-Jun, 2015. "An ordinary differential equation formulation of the bottleneck model with user heterogeneity," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 81(P1), pages 34-58.
    8. Gubins, Sergejs & Verhoef, Erik T., 2014. "Dynamic bottleneck congestion and residential land use in the monocentric city," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 80(C), pages 51-61.
    9. Zhao, Hui & Yan, Xuedong & Gao, Ziyou, 2013. "Transportation serviceability analysis for metropolitan commuting corridors based on modal choice modeling," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 270-284.
    10. DePalma, Elijah & Arnott, Richard, 2011. "Morning Commute in a Single-Entry Traffic Corridor with No Late Arrivals," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt1h2604ft, University of California Transportation Center.
    11. Richard J. Arnott & Anatolii Kokoza & Mehdi Naji, 2015. "A Model of Rush-Hour Traffic in an Isotropic Downtown Area," CESifo Working Paper Series 5465, CESifo Group Munich.
    12. Li, Chuan-Yao & Huang, Hai-Jun, 2017. "Morning commute in a single-entry traffic corridor with early and late arrivals," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 97(C), pages 23-49.

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    Keywords

    morning commute; congestion; corridor; equilibrium;

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