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Cordon tolling in a city with congested bridges

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  • Brueckner, Jan K.

Abstract

This paper analyzes cordon tolling using a simple model where space is discrete rather than continuous, with commuting costs incurred only on two congested bridges. The first-best regime requires tolls on both bridges, whereas only the inner bridge is tolled under the cordon-toll regime. While less realistic than the continuous-space frameworks used in previous work, this simple setup allows the derivation of a number of analytical results, which were mostly unavailable to authors relying on more-complex models. The paper derives the rule for the optimal cordon toll, showing that it points to a toll level higher than first-best toll on the same bridge. In addition, the analysis shows that cordon tolling leads to a redistribution of population away from the zone immediately outside the cordon, with residents moving to the central zone or to the suburbs. The analysis also shows that the cordon toll raises more revenue than is necessary to pay for the bridge where it is levied, while also tending to increase the capacity of the untolled suburban bridge.

Suggested Citation

  • Brueckner, Jan K., 2014. "Cordon tolling in a city with congested bridges," Economics of Transportation, Elsevier, vol. 3(4), pages 235-242.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecotra:v:3:y:2014:i:4:p:235-242
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ecotra.2015.01.002
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. De Borger, Bruno & Russo, Antonio, 2018. "The political economy of cordon tolls," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 105(C), pages 133-148.
    2. Schindler, Mirjam & Caruso, Geoffrey & Picard, Pierre, 2017. "Equilibrium and first-best city with endogenous exposure to local air pollution from traffic," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 12-23.
    3. Fosgerau, Mogens & Kim, Jinwon, 2019. "Commuting and land use in a city with bottlenecks: Theory and evidence," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 182-204.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Cordon toll; Congestion; Bridge;

    JEL classification:

    • R41 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Transportation: Demand, Supply, and Congestion; Travel Time; Safety and Accidents; Transportation Noise

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