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Factors Associated with Good and Harsh Parenting of Pre-Adolescents and Adolescents in Southern Africa


  • Sachin De Stone
  • Franziska Meinck
  • Lorraine Sherr
  • Lucie Cluver
  • Jenny Doubt
  • Frederick Mark Orkin
  • Caroline Kuo
  • Amogh Sharma
  • Imca Hensels
  • Sarah Skeen
  • Alice Redfern
  • Mark Tomlinson
  • UNICEF Office of Research - Innocenti


This working paper presents findings from the analyses of two different observational studies of caregiver-pre-adolescent (4-13 years, referred to as the ‘pre-adolescent study’) and caregiver-adolescent (10-17 years, referred to as the ‘adolescent study’) dyads. Regression and structural equation modelling techniques are used to identify practices constituting good and harsh parenting, factors associated with these parenting behaviours and child and adolescent outcomes. Good parenting in pre-adolescents was associated with fewer educational risks and behavioural problems as well as increased self-esteem, mediated by child trauma and depression. In adolescents, family disadvantage (poverty, AIDS-ill caregiver and caregiver disability) were found to be associated with an increase in harsh parenting and poor caregiver mental health, both of which were associated with increased adolescent health risks.

Suggested Citation

  • Sachin De Stone & Franziska Meinck & Lorraine Sherr & Lucie Cluver & Jenny Doubt & Frederick Mark Orkin & Caroline Kuo & Amogh Sharma & Imca Hensels & Sarah Skeen & Alice Redfern & Mark Tomlinson & UN, 2016. "Factors Associated with Good and Harsh Parenting of Pre-Adolescents and Adolescents in Southern Africa," Papers inwopa870, Innocenti Working Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:ucf:inwopa:inwopa870

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Aliber, Michael, 2003. "Chronic Poverty in South Africa: Incidence, Causes and Policies," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 473-490, March.
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    4. Mary Daly & Zlata Bruckhauf & Jasmina Byrne & Ninoslava Pecnik & Maureen Samms-Vaughan & Rachel Bray & Alice Margaria & UNICEF Office of Research - Innocenti, 2015. "Family and Parenting Support: Policy and Provision in a Global Context," Papers innins770, Innocenti Insights.
    5. Richard de Groot & Tia Palermo & Sudhanshu Handa & Amber Peterman & Luigi Peter Ragno & UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre, 2015. "Cash Transfers and Child Nutrition: What we know and what we need to know," Papers inwopa782, Innocenti Working Papers.
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