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Children in Bulgaria: Growing impoverishment and unequal opportunities

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  • Roumiana Gantcheva
  • *UNICEF

Abstract

The social and economic changes in Bulgaria since the beginning of transition naturally raise concern about their impact on child well-being. This paper investigates the changes that occurred over the last decade in three dimensions of child welfare recognised as fundamental child rights economic well-being, health and education. Then it concentrates on particularly vulnerable groups of children those born of teenage and single mothers and those living in institutions. The data show that the human cost of economic transition has been high and children have been among the most vulnerable groups of the society.

Suggested Citation

  • Roumiana Gantcheva & *UNICEF, 2001. "Children in Bulgaria: Growing impoverishment and unequal opportunities," Papers inwopa01/12, Innocenti Working Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:ucf:inwopa:inwopa01/12
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Bradbury, Bruce & Jenkins, Stephen P. & Micklewright, John, 2000. "Child poverty dynamics in seven nations," ISER Working Paper Series 2000-39, Institute for Social and Economic Research.
    2. Giovanni Andrea Cornia & Richard Strickland, 1990. "Rural Differentiation, Poverty and Agricultural Crisis in sub-Saharan Africa: Toward an appropriate policy response," Papers iopeps90/48, Innocenti Occasional Papers, Economic Policy Series.
    3. Atkinson,Anthony Barnes & Micklewright,John, 1992. "Economic Transformation in Eastern Europe and the Distribution of Income," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521438827, April.
    4. Bruce Bradbury & Markus Jantti, 1999. "Child Poverty across Industrialized Nations," Papers iopeps99/70, Innocenti Occasional Papers, Economic Policy Series.
    5. Olga Cantó Sanchez & Magda Mercader-Prats, 1998. "Child Poverty in Spain: What can be said?," Papers iopeps98/24, Innocenti Occasional Papers, Economic Policy Series.
    6. Sen, Amartya, 1998. "Mortality as an Indicator of Economic Success and Failure," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 108(446), pages 1-25, January.
    7. Flemming, J.S. & Micklewright, John, 2000. "Income distribution, economic systems and transition," Handbook of Income Distribution,in: A.B. Atkinson & F. Bourguignon (ed.), Handbook of Income Distribution, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 14, pages 843-918 Elsevier.
    8. Micklewright, John & Stewart, Kitty, 1999. "Is the Well-Being of Children Converging in the European Union?," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 109(459), pages 692-714, November.
    9. Rumen Dobrinsky & Nikolay Markov & Stephen Pudney, "undated". "Poverty and Social Security in Bulgaria During Transition," Discussion Papers in European Economics 96/4, Department of Economics, University of Leicester.
    10. Teimuraz Gogishvili & Joseph Gogodze & Amiran Tsakadze, 1996. "The Transition in Georgia: From collapse to optimism," Papers iopeps96/11, Innocenti Occasional Papers, Economic Policy Series.
    11. Kitty Stewart & John Micklewright, 2000. "Child Well-Being in the EU and Enlargement to the East," Papers inwopa00/4, Innocenti Working Papers.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    child education; child health; child poverty; child welfare; economic policy; economic transition; institutionalized children; single mothers; social monitoring;

    JEL classification:

    • P2 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies
    • P36 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - Consumer Economics; Health; Education and Training; Welfare, Income, Wealth, and Poverty

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