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Alternative Approaches for Resale Housing Price Indexes

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  • Burnett-Isaacs,, Kate
  • Diewert, Erwin
  • Huang, Ning

Abstract

The use of hedonic regression models on the sales of detached housing units is widespread in the real estate literature. However, these models do not address the need to decompose the sale price into structure and land components. In the international System of National Accounts, it is necessary to obtain separate estimates for the price and quantity of housing structures and the land that these structures sit on. The builder’s model accomplishes this decomposition but it has only been applied to Dutch and Japanese data. The paper will apply the builder’s model to data on sales of detached houses in Richmond, British Columbia to test the robustness of the model. The property price indexes generated by the builder’s model are also compared to the corresponding indexes generated by a traditional time product dummy hedonic regression model. The implied structure depreciation rates generated by both models are also compared. We find that if a sufficient number of housing characteristics are included in the hedonic regressions, the two approaches generate similar overall property price indexes and similar geometric depreciation rates. However, the two approaches do not generate similar land and structure subindexes.

Suggested Citation

  • Burnett-Isaacs,, Kate & Diewert, Erwin & Huang, Ning, 2017. "Alternative Approaches for Resale Housing Price Indexes," Microeconomics.ca working papers erwin_diewert-2017-6, Vancouver School of Economics, revised 08 May 2017.
  • Handle: RePEc:ubc:pmicro:erwin_diewert-2017-6
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    File URL: http://econ.sites.olt.ubc.ca/files/2017/05/pdf_paper_erwin-diewert-17-05-AlernativeApproachesforResaleHousing.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Diewert, W. Erwin & Shimizu, Chihiro, 2016. "Hedonic regression models for Tokyo condominium sales," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 300-315.
    2. W. Erwin DIEWERT & Jan de HAAN & Rens HENDRIKS, 2011. "The Decomposition of a House Price Index into Land and Structures Components: A Hedonic Regression Approach," The Valuation Journal, National Association of Romanian Valuers, vol. 6(1), pages 58-105.
    3. Davis, Morris A. & Heathcote, Jonathan, 2007. "The price and quantity of residential land in the United States," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(8), pages 2595-2620, November.
    4. Diewert, W. Erwin & Huang, Ning & Kate Burnett-Isaacs, Kate, 2016. "Developing Land and Structure Price Indexes for Ottawa Condominium Apartments," Microeconomics.ca working papers erwin_diewert-2016-13, Vancouver School of Economics, revised 23 Nov 2016.
    5. Rosen, Sherwin, 1974. "Hedonic Prices and Implicit Markets: Product Differentiation in Pure Competition," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 82(1), pages 34-55, Jan.-Feb..
    6. W. Erwin Diewert & Jan de Haan & Rens Hendriks, 2015. "Hedonic Regressions and the Decomposition of a House Price Index into Land and Structure Components," Econometric Reviews, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(1-2), pages 106-126, February.
    7. Clapp, John M., 1980. "The elasticity of substitution for land: The effects of measurement errors," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 8(2), pages 255-263, September.
    8. Schwann, Gregory M, 1998. "A Real Estate Price Index for Thin Markets," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 16(3), pages 269-287, May.
    9. Raphael W. Bostic & Stanley D. Longhofer & Christian L. Redfearn, 2007. "Land Leverage: Decomposing Home Price Dynamics," Real Estate Economics, American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association, vol. 35(2), pages 183-208, June.
    10. Shimizu Chihiro & Nishimura Kiyohiko G. & Watanabe Tsutomu, 2010. "Housing Prices in Tokyo: A Comparison of Hedonic and Repeat Sales Measures," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 230(6), pages 792-813, December.
    11. Marc K. Francke & Gerjan A. Vos, 2004. "The Hierarchical Trend Model for Property Valuation and Local Price Indices," The Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, Springer, vol. 28(2_3), pages 179-208, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Diewert, Erwin & Shimizu, Chihiro, 2019. "Residential Property Price Indexes: Spatial Coordinates versus Neighbourhood Dummy Variables," Microeconomics.ca working papers erwin_diewert-2019-11, Vancouver School of Economics, revised 10 Jan 2020.
    2. Diewert, Erwin, 2019. "Measuring the Services of Durables and Owner Occupied Housing," Microeconomics.ca working papers erwin_diewert-2019-5, Vancouver School of Economics, revised 21 Mar 2019.
    3. Diewert, Erwin, 2019. "Quality Adjustment and Hedonics: A Unified Approach," Microeconomics.ca working papers erwin_diewert-2019-2, Vancouver School of Economics, revised 14 Mar 2019.
    4. Diewert, Erwin & Shimizu, Chihiro, 2017. "Alternative Land Price Indexes for Commercial Properties in Tokyo," HIT-REFINED Working Paper Series 75, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
    5. Diewert, Erwin & Shimizu, Chihiro, 2019. "The System of National Accounts and Alternative Approaches to the Construction of Commercial Property Price Indexes," Microeconomics.ca working papers erwin_diewert-2019-12, Vancouver School of Economics, revised 15 Oct 2019.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    House price indexes; land and structure price indexes; hedonic regressions; net depreciation rates; System of National Accounts; the Builder’s Model;

    JEL classification:

    • C2 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • C43 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Index Numbers and Aggregation
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • R21 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Housing Demand

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