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The multiregional core-periphery model: The role of the spatial topology

  • Barbero, Javier

    ()

    (Departamento de Análisis Económico (Teoría e Historia Económica). Universidad Autónoma de Madrid.)

  • Zofío, José Luis

    ()

    (Departamento de Análisis Económico (Teoría e Historia Económica). Universidad Autónoma de Madrid.)

We use the multiregional core-periphery model of the new economic geography to analyze and compare the agglomeration and dispersion forces shaping the location of economic activity for a continuum of network topologies characterized by their degree of centrality, and comprised between two extremes represented by the homogenous (ring) and the heterogeneous (star) configurations. Resorting to graph theory, we systematically extend the analytical tools and graphical representations of the core-periphery model for alternative spatial configuration, and study the stability of the alternative equilibria in terms of the sustain and break points. We study new phenomena such as the absence of any stable distribution of economic activity for some range of transport costs, and the infeasibility of the dispersed equilibrium in the heterogeneous space, resulting in the introduction of the concept pseudo flat-earth as a long run-equilibrium corresponding to an uneven distribution of economic activity between regions.

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Paper provided by Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (Spain), Department of Economic Analysis (Economic Theory and Economic History) in its series Working Papers in Economic Theory with number 2012/12.

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Length: 43 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2012
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:uam:wpaper:201212
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  1. Masahisa Fujita & Paul Krugman, 2003. "The new economic geography: Past, present and the future," Economics of Governance, Springer, vol. 83(1), pages 139-164, October.
  2. Pierre M. Picard & Dao-Zhi Zeng, 2009. "A Harmonization of First and Second Natures," CREA Discussion Paper Series 09-10, Center for Research in Economic Analysis, University of Luxembourg.
  3. Takanori Ago & Ikumo Isono & Takatoshi Tabuchi, 2006. "Locational disadvantage of the hub," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 40(4), pages 819-848, December.
  4. Sylvie Charlot & Carl Gaigné & Frédéric Robert-Nicoud & Jacques-François Thisse, 2006. "Agglomeration and welfare: the core-periphery model in the light of Bentham, Kaldor, and Rawls," Working Papers 12374, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, France.
  5. Sofia B.S.D. Castro & João Correia-da-Silva & Pascal Mossay, 2012. "The core-periphery model with three regions and more," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 91(2), pages 401-418, 06.
  6. Robert-Nicoud, Frédéric, 2004. "The Structure of Simple 'New Economic Geography' Models," CEPR Discussion Papers 4326, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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