Maternity and working life: reconsidering the effectiveness of part-time employment
The way in which professional and familiar life are reconciled might have important economic consequences both at individual and aggregate level. While as a flexible form of employment, part-time work may serve to reconcile professional and family life and increase female participation in the labour market, it can also give rise to new forms of inequality, thereby undermining the equal opportunities objectives established by the EU social policy. Creating substantive equality between part- and full-time workers and achieving gender neutrality means, above all, to ensure that those workers who combine part-time work with child care responsibilities do not suffer detrimental consequences in their career prospects. Although several actions at European Community level have been undertaken in the last decade to achieve greater equality between part- and full-timers, there is still evidence of a close relationship between atypical work, forms of parental leave, and gender discrimination in the labour relations of Members States. In this respect, many academic works have convincingly demonstrated how part-time workers are very often at a disadvantage when compared to their full-time counterparts. One disadvantage not explored yet in the current literature is the higher probability of transition into non-employment amongst part-timers. In this paper, we focus on the effects that the existence of differences in these transition rates between part- and full-timers, and the subsequent persistence of non-employment episodes, have on female career prospects. We present a theoretical model that incorporates those differences in unemployment risk and that serves us to conclude that, when part-timers experience higher probabilities of exiting the labour market, this form of employment becomes less attractive for women with child care responsibilities. This might serve to explain why in some countries full-time employment is the preferred option for mothers who want to remain in the labour market.
|Date of creation:||Sep 2008|
|Date of revision:|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: |
Web page: http://www.uam.es/departamentos/economicas/analecon/default.html
More information through EDIRC
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Gunderson, Morley, 1989. "Male-Female Wage Differentials and Policy Responses," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 27(1), pages 46-72, March.
- Evelyn Lehrer & Seiichi Kawasaki, 1985. "Child care arrangements and fertility: An analysis of two-earner households," Demography, Springer, vol. 22(4), pages 499-513, November.
- Ribar, D.C., 1993.
"A Structural Model of Child Care and the Labor Supply of Married Women,"
5-93-1, Pennsylvania State - Department of Economics.
- Ribar, David C, 1995. "A Structural Model of Child Care and the Labor Supply of Married Women," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 13(3), pages 558-97, July.
- Ribar, D.C., 1991. "A Structural Model of Child Care and the Labor Supply of Married Women," Papers 1-91-1, Pennsylvania State - Department of Economics.
- Robert Shimer, 2005.
"The Assignment of Workers to Jobs in an Economy with Coordination Frictions,"
Journal of Political Economy,
University of Chicago Press, vol. 113(5), pages 996-1025, October.
- Robert Shimer, 2001. "The Assignment of Workers to Jobs In an Economy with Coordination Frictions," NBER Working Papers 8501, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- John F. Ermisch & Robert E. Wright, 1993. "Wage Offers and Full-Time and Part-Time Employment by British Women," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 28(1), pages 111-133.
- Mary Gregory & Sara Connolly, 2008. "Feature: The Price of Reconciliation: Part-Time Work, Families and Women's Satisfaction," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 118(526), pages F1-F7, 02.
- Daniela Del Boca, 2002.
"The effect of child care and part time opportunities on participation and fertility decisions in Italy,"
Journal of Population Economics,
Springer, vol. 15(3), pages 549-573.
- Del Boca, Daniela, 2002. "The Effect of Child Care and Part Time Opportunities on Participation and Fertility Decisions in Italy," IZA Discussion Papers 427, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:uam:wpaper:200807. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Raúl López-Pérez)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.