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Fraud and Poverty: Exploring Ex Ante Victim Data

  • Yoshito Takasaki

Fraud studies rely on potentially underreported/misreported victim data in developed countries, virtually ignoring developing countries. This paper proposes using ex ante victim data, to be collected before attempted victims become aware of the fraudulence, and examines recruitment fraud, which is tightly linked with poverty. In rural Fiji, almost one quarter of households were defrauded of application fees for labor migration. The bigger problem is indirect costs: Controlling for victim endogeneity reveals that households' false expectations about international remittances led to a significant reduction in the domestic private transfers victims received. The analysis sharply identifies who was victimized and why/why not.

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File URL: http://www.econ.tsukuba.ac.jp/RePEc/2011-002.pdf
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Paper provided by Economics, Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Tsukuba in its series Tsukuba Economics Working Papers with number 2011-002.

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Date of creation: Feb 2011
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Handle: RePEc:tsu:tewpjp:2011-002
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1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8571

Web page: http://www.econ.tsukuba.ac.jp/

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  8. Mehlum,H. & Moene,K.O. & Torvik,R., 1999. "Crime induced poverty traps," Memorandum 35/1999, Oslo University, Department of Economics.
  9. Lloyd-Ellis, Huw & Marceau, Nicolas, 2003. "Endogenous insecurity and economic development," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(1), pages 1-29, October.
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  14. Bertram, Geoffrey, 1986. ""Sustainable development" in Pacific micro-economies," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 14(7), pages 809-822, July.
  15. Yoshito Takasaki, 2010. "Groups, Networks, and Hierarchy in Household Private Transfers: Evidence from Fiji," Tsukuba Economics Working Papers 2010-004, Economics, Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Tsukuba.
  16. Lucas, Robert E B & Stark, Oded, 1985. "Motivations to Remit: Evidence from Botswana," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 93(5), pages 901-18, October.
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