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Bond Exchange Offers or Collective Action Clauses?

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  • Hege, Ulrich
  • Mella-Barral, Pierre

Abstract

This paper examines two prominent approaches to design efficient mechanisms for debt renegotiation with dispersed bondholders: debt exchange offers that promise enhanced liquidation rights to a restricted number of tendering bondholders (favored under U.S. law), and collective action clauses that allow to alter core bond terms after a majority vote (favored under U.K. law). We use a dynamic contingent claims model with a debt overhang problem, where both hold-out and hold-in problems are present. We show that the former leads to a more efficient mitigation of the debt overhang problem than the latter. Dispersed debt is desirable, as exchange offers also achieve a larger and more efficient debt reduction relative to debt held by a single creditor.

Suggested Citation

  • Hege, Ulrich & Mella-Barral, Pierre, 2019. "Bond Exchange Offers or Collective Action Clauses?," TSE Working Papers 19-1016, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE).
  • Handle: RePEc:tse:wpaper:123086
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Out-of-court Restructuring; Exchange Offer; Collective Action Clause; Exit Consent; Hold-out problem; Hold-in Problem; Trust Indenture Act.;

    JEL classification:

    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • G33 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Bankruptcy; Liquidation

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