Clearinghouse Loan Certificates as a Lender of Last Resort
Looking across multiple panics of the nineteenth century, this paper treats borrowing of clearinghouse loan certificates as borrowing from a lender of last resort. We evaluate individual bank use of clearinghouse loan certificates in New York City using bank balance sheet data. Bank capital ratios do not predict positive net borrowing. Lower pre-panic reserve ratios increased the probability of positive net borrowing of loan certificates.
|Date of creation:||Apr 2015|
|Date of revision:||Jun 2015|
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