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Intra-Household Work Timing: The Effect on Joint Activities and the Demand for Child Care

  • Van Klaveren, C
  • Maassen van den Brink, H.
  • Van Praag, B.

We examine the work timing behavior of spouses. With work timing we mean the behavior that results in the performance of paid labor at the same time, that cannot be explained by factors other than the partners' potential to communicate on the timing of their work. We find that couples with children create less overlap in their work times and this effect is more pronounced the younger the children. In general, the household types that create relatively more work time overlap are households with higher educated women, with a higher household income, with less children, and with spouses who are more in control of their own working times. We find evidence for a togetherness preference of spouses, but we only find this togetherness preference for childless couples. Also, the joint time that spouses spend on household chores is significantly related to how couples time their working hours, but the correlation that is found is very small. There is no evidence that the timing of work hours affects the time that parents spend jointly on child care. Work timing behavior affects the demand for informal child care, but not the demand for formal child care. Parents with young children create relatively more overlap in their work times and demand more informal child care.

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Paper provided by Top Institute for Evidence Based Education Research in its series Working Papers with number 27.

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Date of creation: 00 2009
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Handle: RePEc:tir:wpaper:27
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  1. Chris van Klaveren & Henriette Maassen van den Brink, 2005. "Intra-household Work Time Synchronization," Labor and Demography 0504005, EconWPA.
  2. Lundberg, S. & Pollak, R.A., 1991. "Separate Spheres Bargaining and the Marriage Market," Discussion Papers in Economics at the University of Washington 91-08, Department of Economics at the University of Washington.
  3. Becker, Gary S & Lewis, H Gregg, 1973. "On the Interaction between the Quantity and Quality of Children," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 81(2), pages S279-88, Part II, .
  4. Daniel Hallberg & Anders Klevmarken, 2003. "Time for children: A study of parent's time allocation," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 16(2), pages 205-226, 05.
  5. A. D. Roy, 1951. "Some Thoughts On The Distribution Of Earnings," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 3(2), pages 135-146.
  6. Strazdins, Lyndall & Korda, Rosemary J. & Lim, Lynette L-Y. & Broom, Dorothy H. & D'Souza, Rennie M., 2004. "Around-the-clock: parent work schedules and children's well-being in a 24-h economy," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 59(7), pages 1517-1527, October.
  7. Lutz C. Kaiser, 2006. "Female Labor Market Transitions in Europe," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 606, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  8. Kaiser, Lutz C., 2006. "Female Labor Market Transitions in Europe," IZA Discussion Papers 2115, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  9. Del Boca, Daniela & Vuri, Daniela, 2005. "Labor Supply and Child Care Costs: The Effect of Rationing," IZA Discussion Papers 1779, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  10. Laurent Lesnard, 2004. "Schedules as sequences: a new method to analyze the use of time based on collective rhythm with an application to the work arrangements of French dual-earner couples," electronic International Journal of Time Use Research, Research Institute on Professions (Forschungsinstitut Freie Berufe (FFB)) and The International Association for Time Use Research (IATUR), vol. 1(1), pages 60-84, August.
  11. Hallberg, Daniel, 2002. "Synchronous Leisure, Jointness and Household Labor Supply," Working Paper Series 2002:11, Uppsala University, Department of Economics.
  12. Daniel S. Hamermesh, 2000. "Togetherness: Spouses' Synchronous Leisure, and the Impact of Children," NBER Working Papers 7455, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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