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Turkiye Isgucu Piyasasinda Mesleklerin Onemi : Hizmetler Sektoru Istihdami, Isgucu ve Ucret Kutuplasmasi

Son 10 yilda endustrilesmis ulkelerin isgucu piyasalarinda uc onemli egilim on plana cikmistir : (i) hizmetler sektorunun agirligi artmis, (ii) meslekler vasiflarina gore siralandiklarinda, dusuk ve yuksek vasifli islerde istihdam payi artmis (isgucu kutuplasmasi), (iii) dusuk ve yuksek vasifli islerde ortalama ucretlerin goreceli olarak arttigi gozlemlenmistir (ucret kutuplasmasi). Bu makalede, TUIK Hanehalki Isgucu Anketi mikro verisi kullanilarak, 2004-2010 doneminde Turkiye isgucu piyasasinda da benzer egilimlerin oldugu bulgusuna ulasilmistir. Turkiye’nin yukselen bir piyasa ekonomisi olmasina ragmen, bahsi gecen konularda isgucu piyasasinin endustrilesmis ulke egilimleri sergiledigi soylenebilir. Iktisat yazizinda istihdamda ve ucretlerde gozlemlenen bu egilimler, teknoloji ve kuresellesmenin isgucu piyasalarina etkileri yoluyla aciklanmistir. Ozellikle 1990’larin ikinci yarisindan itibaren gozlemlenen bu olgular teorik ve uygulamali yazinda neredeyse butunuyle meslek-gorev duzeyinde incelenmistir. Bu makalede 2004-2010 yillari arasinda Turkiye’de gozlemlenen istihdam ve ucret egilimlerinin aciklanmasinda mesleklerin onemli oldugu gosterilmistir. Mesleklerin, isgucu ve ucret egilimlerinin aciklanmasindaki onemine ragmen, Turkiye’de mesleklerin niteligi diger bir ifadeyle gorev icerigi konusunda hazir veri bulunmamaktadir. Son donemde isgucu piyasasinda ortaya cikan egilimlerin nedenleri konusunda daha doyurucu arastirma yapmak icin mesleklerin nitelikleri konusunda veri toplanmasinin buyuk onem tasidigini dusunmekteyiz.

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File URL: http://www.tcmb.gov.tr/wps/wcm/connect/TCMB+EN/TCMB+EN/Main+Menu/PUBLICATIONS/Research/Working+Paperss/2013/13-21
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Paper provided by Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey in its series Working Papers with number 1321.

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Date of creation: 2013
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Handle: RePEc:tcb:wpaper:1321
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