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Nitrate Pollution Due to Agriculture, Project Report No. 3: Should the Polluter Pay?


  • David Parsisson
  • Nick Hanley
  • Clive L. Spash


The Polluter Pays Principle is a well-established guiding force behind the regulation of polluters in the OECD. Agriculture, however, has frequently been exempt from this principle. This paper considers the reasons for this exemption, with particular reference to the control of nitrate pollution. After outlining the problems in applying many standard pollution control policies to nitrates, we move on to analyse the Nitrate Sensitive Areas scheme in the UK, which is a voluntary subsidy scheme. Reasons for differential take-up rates, and evidence on the effectiveness of the scheme are investigated. Finally, we consider the applicability of this approach to other forms of agricultural pollution.
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Suggested Citation

  • David Parsisson & Nick Hanley & Clive L. Spash, "undated". "Nitrate Pollution Due to Agriculture, Project Report No. 3: Should the Polluter Pay?," Working Papers Series e94/9, University of Stirling, Division of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:stl:stlewp:e94/9

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Hanley, Nick, 1990. "The Economics of Nitrate Pollution," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Oxford University Press and the European Agricultural and Applied Economics Publications Foundation, vol. 17(2), pages 129-151.
    2. Nick Hanley, 1990. "The Economics of Nitrate Pollution Control in the UK," Working Papers Series 90/5, University of Stirling, Division of Economics.
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    Cited by:

    1. Lukas Folkens & Volker Wiedemer & Petra Schneider, 2020. "Monetary Valuation and Internalization of Externalities in German Agriculture Using the Example of Nitrate Pollution: A Case-Study," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(16), pages 1-19, August.
    2. Parsisson, David & Hanley, Nick & Spash, Clive L., 1995. "Nitrate pollution due to agriculture: project report No.1: policy in the United Kingdom," MPRA Paper 38764, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • Q52 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Pollution Control Adoption and Costs; Distributional Effects; Employment Effects
    • Q53 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling


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