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Le point sur l'inegalite des gains et sur la remuneration des jeunes durant les annees 90

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  • Picot, Garnett
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    De nombreux auteurs ont fait etat de l'inegalite de plus en plus prononcee des gains d'emploi particulierement chez les hommes. Le present article enrichit notre connaissance des tendances de l'inegalite des gains en repondant a trois questions. Premierement, comment l'inegalite des gains des personnes occupees a-t-elle evolue dans les annees 90? Notre etude indique que, du milieu des annees 80 au milieu des annees 90, l'inegalite et la polarisation des gains ont a peine augmente chez l'ensemble des travailleurs (hommes et femmes). La deuxieme question a trait a l'incidence exercee sur l'inegalite des gains par la variation de la propension des Canadiens a occuper un emploi. Autrement dit, si nous nous concentrons sur l'ensemble des Canadiens en age de travailler (ceux qui ont un emploi remunere et ceux qui n'en ont pas), quelles sont les tendances de l'inegalite? Nous constatons que l'inegalite des gains chez les personnes en age de travailler a peu varie dans les annees 80 et 90. Notre analyse tient compte de l'influence que la variation du ratio emploi-population et les tendances de l'inegalite chez les personnes occupees exerce sur l'inegalite des gains chez l'ensemble des personnes en age de travailler. Cependant, la stabilite relative de l'inegalite des gains observee depuis le debut des annees 80 occulte un certain nombre de tendances compensatoires. Les gains de certains groupes de travailleurs (les femmes et les travailleurs ages notamment) ont augmente alors que ceux d'autres groupes (tout particulierement les jeunes et les hommes) ont diminue. Le present article met l'accent sur les tendances des gains chez les jeunes travailleurs et conclut que la baisse des gains annuels des jeunes hommes, notamment, est associee a une diminution de la remuneration horaire reelle.

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    Paper provided by Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques in its series Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche with number 1998116f.

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    Date of creation: 29 Jun 1998
    Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp3f:1998116f
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    1. Steven J. Davis, 1992. "Cross-Country Patterns of Change in Relative Wages," NBER Chapters,in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 1992, Volume 7, pages 239-300 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Thomas Lemieux, 1993. "Unions and Wage Inequality in Canada and the United States," NBER Chapters,in: Small Differences That Matter: Labor Markets and Income Maintenance in Canada and the United States, pages 69-108 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Kapsalis, Costa & Morissette, Rene & Picot, Garnett, 1999. "The Returns to Education and the Increasing Wage Gap Between Younger and Older Workers," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 1999131e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
    4. Richard B. Freeman & Karen Needels, 1993. "Skill Differentials in Canada in an Era of Rising Labor Market Inequality," NBER Chapters,in: Small Differences That Matter: Labor Markets and Income Maintenance in Canada and the United States, pages 45-68 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Murphy, Brian B & Wolfson, Michael, 1998. "New Views on Inequality Trends in Canada and the United States," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 1998124e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
    6. Peter Kuhn & A. Leslie Robb, 1998. "Shifting Skill Demand and the Canada-US Unemployment Gap: Evidence from Prime-Age Men," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 24(s1), pages 170-191, February.
    7. Chinhui Juhn & Kevin M. Murphy & Robert H. Topel, 1991. "Why Has the Natural Rate of Unemployment Increased over Time?," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 22(2), pages 75-142.
    8. Beach, C.M. & Slotsve, G.A., 1994. "Polarization of Earnings in the Canadian Labour Market: A Non-Microdata Approach," Working Papers 17, John Deutsch Institute for the Study of Economic Policy.
    9. Berube, Charles & Morissette, Rene, 1996. "Aspects longitudinaux de l'inegalite des revenus au Canada," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche 1996094f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
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