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Aspects longitudinaux de l'inegalite des revenus au Canada

Listed author(s):
  • Berube, Charles
  • Morissette, Rene
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    Dans ce document, nous posons les trois questions suivantes : 1) Meme apres la prise en compte des effets cycliques, les nouvelles periodes de faible revenu durent-elles aujourd'hui plus longtemps que par le passe ? 2) Une fois qu'il a commence une nouvelle periode de faible revenu, un travailleur de sexe masculin gagne-t-il aujourd'hui un salaire annuel reel plus faible qu'au milieu des annees 70 ? 3) L'inegalite des revenus en longue periode s'est-elle accentuee dans les annees 80 ? Les reponses a ces questions sont les suivantes. Premierement, meme en tenant compte des taux de chomage relativement eleves observes depuis le milieu des annees 80, on constate que les travailleurs canadiens de sexe masculin, particulierement les 18-24 ans, ont eu plus de difficultes a quitter le bas de l'echelle des revenus au cours de la periode 1985-1993 que durant la periode 1975-1984. En d'autres termes, les nouvelles periodes de faible revenu durent maintenant plus longtemps pour ces travailleurs. Deuxiemement, les jeunes hommes qui traversaient une nouvelle periode de faible revenu ont recu, en 1985-1993, un salaire annuel reel de beaucoup inferieur a celui que leurs homologues gagnaient en 1975-1984. Troisiemement, au cours des annees 80, l'inegalite des revenus cumules sur six ou sur dix ans s'est accentuee au meme rythme que l'inegalite des revenus annuels.

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    Paper provided by Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques in its series Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche with number 1996094f.

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    Date of creation: 30 Aug 1996
    Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp3f:1996094f
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    1. Kevin M. Murphy & Finis Welch, 1992. "The Structure of Wages," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 107(1), pages 285-326.
    2. David G. Blanchflower & Andrew J. Oswald, 1995. "The Wage Curve," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 026202375x, January.
    3. Kiefer, Nicholas M, 1988. "Economic Duration Data and Hazard Functions," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 26(2), pages 646-679, June.
    4. Peter Gottschalk & Robert Moffitt, 1994. "The Growth of Earnings Instability in the U.S. Labor Market," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 25(2), pages 217-272.
    5. Mary Jo Bane & David T. Ellwood, 1986. "Slipping into and out of Poverty: The Dynamics of Spells," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 21(1), pages 1-23.
    6. Juhn, Chinhui & Murphy, Kevin M & Pierce, Brooks, 1993. "Wage Inequality and the Rise in Returns to Skill," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 101(3), pages 410-442, June.
    7. Beach, C.M. & Slotsve, G.A., 1994. "Polarization of Earnings in the Canadian Labour Market: A Non-Microdata Approach," Working Papers 17, John Deutsch Institute for the Study of Economic Policy.
    8. Doiron, Denise J & Barrett, Garry F, 1996. "Inequality in Male and Female Earnings: The Role of Hours and Wages," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 78(3), pages 410-420, August.
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