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L'inégalité, la pauvreté et l'intégration économique des immigrants au Canada depuis les années 1990

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  • Nong Zhu
  • Cecile Batisse

Abstract

Le changement de la composition ethnique et sociale des immigrants combiné à une segmentation du marché du travail et à un nouvel environnement économique depuis les années 1980 conduit à une nouvelle inégalité des chances sur le marché du travail et à des disparités de performance économique des immigrants. Une partie d'entre eux ne peuvent s'extraire de la pauvreté. À partir de données de recensements, la présente étude vise à analyser ces différentes formes d'inégalité et à en préciser les sources parmi les migrants originaires des pays du Sud au Canada depuis les années 1990. Une discrimination apparaît à travers un niveau de revenu inférieur à celui des autres groupes et une inégalité de revenu plus importante. Par ailleurs, le rendement du capital humain de ces immigrants a diminué entre 1996 et 2006. Enfin, l'analyse souligne le rôle important de l'emploi et des revenus du travail dans l'augmentation du niveau de vie des immigrants. Les politiques visant à améliorer le bien-être social et l'insertion des immigrants doivent donc se centrer sur l'amélioration du niveau de revenu et l'augmentation du taux d'emploi

Suggested Citation

  • Nong Zhu & Cecile Batisse, 2014. "L'inégalité, la pauvreté et l'intégration économique des immigrants au Canada depuis les années 1990," CIRANO Working Papers 2014s-10, CIRANO.
  • Handle: RePEc:cir:cirwor:2014s-10
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    File URL: http://www.cirano.qc.ca/files/publications/2014s-10.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    ; immigrants; Canada; inégalité; capital humain; marché du travail;

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