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L'inégalité, la pauvreté et l'intégration économique des immigrants au Canada


  • Nong Zhu
  • Denise Helly


À l'aide des microdonnées confidentielles des recensements, ce travail examine les facteurs de l'inégalité de revenu et de la pauvreté des immigrants au Canada des années 1990 à 2006. Les résultats montrent que les immigrants en provenance des pays en développement ont été les plus atteints par les fluctuations économiques. Ils disposent en effet de revenus inférieurs à ceux des natifs et des immigrants venus d'autres pays et, en sus, le rendement de leur capital humain a diminué entre 1991 et 2006. L'importance des flux migratoires venant des pays en développement a accru l'hétérogénéité sociale de la population immigrée, aggravant à la fois l'inégalité de revenu entre les immigrants du Sud et les autres immigrants, et entre les premiers

Suggested Citation

  • Nong Zhu & Denise Helly, 2014. "L'inégalité, la pauvreté et l'intégration économique des immigrants au Canada," CIRANO Working Papers 2014s-15, CIRANO.
  • Handle: RePEc:cir:cirwor:2014s-15

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Deborah Reed, 2001. "Immigration and males’ earnings inequality in the regions of the United States," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 38(3), pages 363-373, August.
    2. Taryn Ann Galloway & Rolf Aaberge, 2005. "Assimilation effects on poverty among immigrants in Norway," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 18(4), pages 691-718, November.
    3. Abdurrahman Aydemir & George J. Borjas, 2007. "Cross-Country Variation in the Impact of International Migration: Canada, Mexico, and the United States," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 5(4), pages 663-708, June.
    4. Krishna Pendakur & Ravi Pendakur, 1998. "The Colour of Money: Earnings Differentials Among Ethnic Groups in Canada," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 31(3), pages 518-548, August.
    5. Becker, Gary S., 1971. "The Economics of Discrimination," University of Chicago Press Economics Books, University of Chicago Press, edition 2, number 9780226041162, March.
    6. Krishna Pendakur & Ravi Pendakur, 2007. "Minority Earnings Disparity Across the Distribution," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 33(1), pages 41-62, March.
    7. Chiswick, Barry R. & Miller, Paul W., 2003. "The complementarity of language and other human capital: immigrant earnings in Canada," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 22(5), pages 469-480, October.
    8. Leslie Mccall, 2000. "Explaining levels of within-group wage inequality in U.S. labor markets," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 37(4), pages 415-430, November.
    9. Barry Chiswick & Paul Miller, 2001. "A model of destination-language acquisition: Application to male immigrants in Canada," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 38(3), pages 391-409, August.
    10. Mary L. Grant, 1999. "Evidence of New Immigrant Assimilation in Canada," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 32(4), pages 930-955, August.
    11. Jeffrey Mills & Sourushe Zandvakili, 2004. "Analysis of gender-based family income inequality in Canada," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 11(8), pages 469-472.
    12. Ravallion, Martin & Chen, Shaohua, 2003. "Measuring pro-poor growth," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 78(1), pages 93-99, January.
    13. George J. Borjas, 1994. "The Economics of Immigration," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 32(4), pages 1667-1717, December.
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    ; inégalité; pauvreté; revenu; immigration; Canada.;

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