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Business Strategies in Innovative and Non-innovative Firms in Canada

Author

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  • Baldwin, John R.
  • Johnson, Joanne

Abstract

This study investigates differences in the policies being pursued by innovative and non-innovative firms. It focuses on a broad group of strategies -- in marketing, finance, production, management and human resources and asks whether there are key areas in which the strategies being followed by innovative and non-innovative firms differ. It also asks how the activities of firms in each of these areas differs. Finally, it compares the performance of innovative and non-innovative firms. The study finds that innovative firms place a greater emphasis on management, human resources, marketing, financing, government programs and services, and production efficiencies. In most of these areas, innovative firms pursue activities more intensively. Finally, innovative firms are more successful than non-innovative firms.

Suggested Citation

  • Baldwin, John R. & Johnson, Joanne, 1995. "Business Strategies in Innovative and Non-innovative Firms in Canada," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 1995073e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
  • Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp3e:1995073e
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    File URL: http://www5.statcan.gc.ca/olc-cel/olc.action?ObjId=11F0019M1995073&ObjType=46&lang=en&limit=0
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. David J. TEECE, 2008. "Profiting from technological innovation: Implications for integration, collaboration, licensing and public policy," World Scientific Book Chapters,in: The Transfer And Licensing Of Know-How And Intellectual Property Understanding the Multinational Enterprise in the Modern World, chapter 5, pages 67-87 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    2. McGuinness, Vorman W. & Little, Blair, 1981. "The impact of r&d spending on the foreign sales of new canadian industrial products," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 10(1), pages 78-98, January.
    3. Hitchens, DMWN & O'Farrell, PN, 1988. "Comparative performance of small manufacturing companies in South Wales and Northern Ireland," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 16(5), pages 429-438.
    4. Napolitano, Giovanni, 1991. "Industrial research and sources of innovation: A cross-industry analysis of Italian manufacturing firms," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 171-178, April.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Paul Diederen & Hans van Meijl & Arjan Wolters, 2003. "Modernisation in agriculture: what makes a farmer adopt an innovation?," International Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 2(3/4), pages 328-342.
    2. Allan Kearns & Frances Ruane, 1997. ""To R&D or not to R&D, that is the Question": A Firm Level Study of Employment Growth in the Irish Manufacturing Sector, 1986-95," Economics Policy Papers 975, Trinity College Dublin, Department of Economics.
    3. Baldwin, John R. & Sabourin, David, 2001. "Impact of the Adoption of Advanced Information and Communication Technologies on Firm Performance in the Canadian Manufacturing Sector," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 2001174e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
    4. Baldwin, John R. & Johnson, Joanne, 1998. "Differences dans les strategies et le rendement de divers types d'innovateurs," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche 1997102f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
    5. Gellatly, Guy, 2000. "Differences in Innovator and Non-innovator Profiles: Small Establishments in Business Services," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 2000143e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
    6. Baldwin, John R. & Gu, Wulong, 2003. "Participation aux marches d'exportation et productivite du secteur canadien de la fabrication," Serie de documents de recherche sur l'analyse economique (AE) 2003011f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
    7. Baldwin, John R. & Johnson, Joanne, 1998. "Differences in Strategies and Performances of Different Types of Innovators," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 1997102e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
    8. Baldwin, John R. & Diverty, Brent, 1995. "Advanced Technology Use in Canadian Manufacturing Establishments," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 1995085e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
    9. Baldwin, John & Lin, Zhengxi, 2002. "Impediments to advanced technology adoption for Canadian manufacturers," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 31(1), pages 1-18, January.
    10. Baldwin, John R. & Lin, Zhengxi, 2001. "Entraves a l'adoption des technologies de pointe pour les fabricants canadiens," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche 2001173f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
    11. Gellatly, Guy & Riding, Allan & Thornhill, Stewart, 2003. "Growth History, Knowledge Intensity and Capital Structure in Small Firms," Economic Analysis (EA) Research Paper Series 2003006e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
    12. Baldwin, John R. & Gaudreault, Valerie & Gellatly, Guy, 2002. "Financing Innovation in New Small Firms: New Evidence from Canada," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 2002190e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
    13. Gabsi, Foued & Mhenni, Hatem & Koouba, Karim, 2008. "Innovation Determinants in Emerging Countries: An Empirical Study at the Tunisian Firms level," MPRA Paper 17940, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2008.
    14. Giovanni Dosi & Marco Faillo & Luigi Marengo, 2003. "Organizational Capabilities, Patterns of Knowledge Accumulation and Governance Structures in Business Firms. An Introduction," LEM Papers Series 2003/11, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.
    15. Baldwin, John R. & Yates, Janice, 1999. "Innovation, Training and Success," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 1999137e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
    16. Baldwin, John R. & Gu, Wulong, 2003. "Participation in Export Markets and Productivity Performance in Canadian Manufacturing," Economic Analysis (EA) Research Paper Series 2003011e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
    17. Cahill, Sean & Rich, Tabitha & Cozzarin, Brian, 2015. "Innovation in the Canadian Food Processing Industry: Evidence from the Workplace and Employee Survey," International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, International Food and Agribusiness Management Association (IFAMA), vol. 18(2).
    18. Gabsi, Foued & Mhenni, Hatem & Koouba, Karim, 2010. "Determinants of Innovation in Emerging Country: an empirical study at the Tunisian firm level," MPRA Paper 46182, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2008.
    19. Baldwin, John R. & Hanel, Peter & Sabourin, David, 2000. "Determinants of Innovative Activity in Canadian Manufacturing Firms: The Role of Intellectual Property Rights," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 2000122e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
    20. Baldwin, John R. & Sabourin, David, 2001. "Impact de l'adoption des technologies de l'information et des communications de pointe sur la performance des entreprises du secteur de la fabrication au Canada," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche 2001174f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
    21. Baldwin, John R. & Sabourin, David, 2004. "The Effect of Changing Technology Use on Plant Performance in the Canadian Manufacturing Sector," Economic Analysis (EA) Research Paper Series 2004020e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.

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