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Impact de l'adoption des technologies de l'information et des communications de pointe sur la performance des entreprises du secteur de la fabrication au Canada

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  • Baldwin, John R.
  • Sabourin, David

Abstract

Le present document s'interesse a l'evolution de la structure industrielle du secteur de la fabrication au Canada de meme qu'a son lien avec le changement technologique en examinant l'adoption de technologies de pointe et son rapport avec le processus de croissance stochastique dans la population des usines. Il s'articule autour du point de vue selon lequel la croissance est un processus stochastique dans lequel intervient l'apprentissage. L'experimentation des nouvelles technologies recompense certaines entreprises a croissance et a rentabilite superieures. Pour savoir lesquelles, on y examine le rapport entre la croissance et le choix de differentes strategies technologiques. Le document etudie l'evolution de ce processus en sondant la relation entre l'adoption de nouvelles technologies et la performance des usines dans le secteur de la fabrication; cela se fait par la combinaison de donnees transversales sur les technologies de pointe a des donnees de panel longitudinales sur la performance des usines. Il s'interesse en particulier au lien entre l'utilisation des technologies de l'information et des communications (TIC) et la croissance de la part de marche et de la productivite relative d'une usine. Il appert qu'une proportion considerable de la part de marche passe des entreprises en declin aux entreprises en croissance sur une periode de dix ans. En meme temps, les secondes augmentent leur productivite par rapport aux premieres. Les utilisatrices de technologies qui employaient des technologies de communication ou combinaient differents types de technologies ont accru le plus leur productivite relative. Ces hausses de la productivite relative se sont accompagnees delargissements de la part de marche. Ont aussi contribue a accroitre la part de marche la presence d'installations de R et D et d'autres activites innovatrices.

Suggested Citation

  • Baldwin, John R. & Sabourin, David, 2001. "Impact de l'adoption des technologies de l'information et des communications de pointe sur la performance des entreprises du secteur de la fabrication au Canada," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche 2001174f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
  • Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp3f:2001174f
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. ten Raa, Thijs & Wolff, Edward N., 2000. "Engines of growth in the US economy," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 11(4), pages 473-489, December.
    2. Stoneman, Paul & Kwon, Myung Joong, 1996. "Technology Adoption and Firm Profitability," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 106(437), pages 952-962, July.
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    5. Mark Doms & Timothy Dunne & Kenneth R. Troske, 1997. "Workers, Wages, and Technology," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 112(1), pages 253-290.
    6. Baldwin, John R. & Diverty, Brent, 1995. "Utilisation des technologies de pointe dans les etablissements de fabrication," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche 1995085f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
    7. Baldwin, John R. & Johnson, Joanne, 1995. "Business Strategies in Innovative and Non-innovative Firms in Canada," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 1995073e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
    8. Timothy Dunne & James A Schmitz Jr., 1992. "Wages, Employer Size-Wage Premia and Employment Structure: Their Relationship to Advanced-Technology Usage at U.S. Manufacturing Establishments," Working Papers 92-15, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
    9. Hall, Bronwyn H. & Mairesse, Jacques, 1995. "Exploring the relationship between R&D and productivity in French manufacturing firms," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 65(1), pages 263-293, January.
    10. Laura Power, 1998. "The Missing Link: Technology, Investment, And Productivity," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 80(2), pages 300-313, May.
    11. Baldwin,John R. & Gorecki,Paul, 1998. "The Dynamics of Industrial Competition," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521633574, December.
      • Baldwin,John R. & Gorecki,Paul With contributions by-Name:Caves,Richard E. With contributions by-Name:Dunne,Tim With contributions by-Name:Haltiwanger,John, 1995. "The Dynamics of Industrial Competition," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521465618, March.
    12. Geroski, Paul A, 1989. "Entry, Innovation and Productivity Growth," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 71(4), pages 572-578, November.
    13. Baldwin, John R., 1996. "Productivity Growth, Plant Turnover and Restructuring in the Canadian Manufacturing Sector," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 1995087e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
    14. Baldwin, John R. & Maynard, Jean-Pierre & Sabourin, David & Zietsma , Danielle, 2001. "Differences de productivite entre les provinces," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche 2001180f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
    15. Lichtenberg, Frank R & Siegel, Donald, 1991. "The Impact of R&D Investment on Productivity--New Evidence Using Linked R&D-LRD Data," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 29(2), pages 203-229, April.
    16. Baldwin, John R., 1995. "Innovation: The Key to Success in Small Firms," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 1995076e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
    17. Doms, Mark & Dunne, Timothy & Roberts, Mark J., 1995. "The role of technology use in the survival and growth of manufacturing plants," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 523-542, December.
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    19. Baldwin, John R. & Brown, W. Mark & Vinodrai, Tara, 2001. "Dynamique du secteur canadien de la fabrication dans les regions metropolitaines et rurales," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche 2001169f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
    20. Baldwin, John R. & Diverty, Brent & Sabourin, David, 1995. "Technology Use and Industrial Transformation: Empirical Perspectives," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 1995075e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Baldwin, John R. & Beckstead, Desmond & Brown, W. Mark, 2003. "Exode, rationalisation ou concentration? Analyse des sieges sociaux au Canada, 1999 a 2002," Serie de documents de recherche sur l'analyse economique (AE) 2003019f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
    2. Baldwin, John R. & Jarmin , Ron S. & Tang, Jianmin, 2002. "L'importance accrue des producteurs plus petits dans le secteur de la fabrication : comparaison Canada-Etats-Unis," Serie de documents de recherche sur l'analyse economique (AE) 2002003f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
    3. Baldwin, John R. & Gellatly, Guy, 2006. "Capacites d'innovation : le capital de savoir, gage de survie et de croissance des entreprises," L'economie canadienne en transition 2006013f, Statistics Canada, Division de l'analyse economique.
    4. Baldwin, John R. & Sabourin, David, 2002. "Ameliorer la salubrite des aliments et la productivite : utilisation de la technologie dans le secteur de la transformation des aliments au Canada," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche 2002168f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
    5. Baldwin, John R. & Gu, Wulong, 2003. "Roulement des usines et croissance de la productivite dans le secteur canadien de la fabrication," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche 2003193f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
    6. Baldwin, John R. & Sabourin, David & Smith, David, 2003. "Effet de l'utilisation des technologies de pointe sur le rendement des entreprises du secteur canadien de la transformation des aliments," Serie de documents de recherche sur l'analyse economique (AE) 2003012f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
    7. Harchaoui, Tarek & Tarkhani, Faouzi, 2004. "Qu'est-il advenu de la croissance economique et de la productivite au Canada et aux Etats-Unis a l'ere de l'information?," Serie de documents de recherche sur l'analyse economique (AE) 2004025f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.

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