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Land Inequality in a Coffee Economy: São Paulo During the Early Twentieth Century

  • Renato Colistete

    ()

  • Maria Lucia Lamounier

    ()

This article examines the distribution of land ownership in the northeastern part of the state of São Paulo, Brazil, the leading coffee export region in the world during the early twentieth century. Based on a detailed agricultural census, we find a widespread presence of small and medium-size farms, with varied degrees of land concentration across subregions and municipalities. Still, large farms and latifundia controlled most of the productive resources in northeast São Paulo, resulting in high levels of inequality when compared to those of other export regions in South and North America.

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File URL: http://www.fea.usp.br/feaecon/RePEc/documentos/Colistete_Lamounier01WP.pdf
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Paper provided by University of São Paulo (FEA-USP) in its series Working Papers, Department of Economics with number 2014_01.

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Date of creation: 06 Feb 2014
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Handle: RePEc:spa:wpaper:2014wpecon1
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  1. Naritomi, Joana & Soares, Rodrigo R. & Assunção, Juliano J., 2009. "Institutional Development and Colonial Heritage within Brazil," IZA Discussion Papers 4276, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Oded Galor & Omar Moav & Dietrich Vollrath, 2006. "Inequality in Land Ownership, the Emergence of Human Capital Promoting Institutions, and the Great Divergence," DEGIT Conference Papers c011_001, DEGIT, Dynamics, Economic Growth, and International Trade.
  3. Abad, Leticia Arroyo, 2013. "Persistent Inequality? Trade, Factor Endowments, and Inequality in Republican Latin America," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 73(01), pages 38-78, March.
  4. de Carvalho Filho, Irineu & Colistete, Renato P., 2010. "Education Performance: Was It All Determined 100 Years Ago? Evidence From São Paulo, Brazil," MPRA Paper 24494, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. Bértola, Luis & Castelnovo, Cecilia & Rodríguez, Javier & Willebald, Henry, 2010. "Between the colonial heritage and the first globalization boom: on income inequality in the Southern Cone," Revista de Historia Económica, Cambridge University Press, vol. 28(02), pages 307-341, September.
  6. Summerhill, William, 2010. "Colonial Institutions, Slavery, Inequality, and Development: Evidence from São Paulo, Brazil," MPRA Paper 22162, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  7. Daron Acemoglu & Camilo García-Jimeno & James A. Robinson, 2012. "Finding Eldorado: Slavery and Long-run Development in Colombia," NBER Working Papers 18177, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  8. Easterly, William, 2007. "Inequality does cause underdevelopment: Insights from a new instrument," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 84(2), pages 755-776, November.
  9. Daron Acemoglu & María Angélica Bautista & Pablo Querubín & James A. Robinson, 2007. "Economic and Political Inequality in Development: The Case of Cundinamarca, Colombia," NBER Working Papers 13208, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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