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Agriculture and Economic Development in Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia


  • Massoud Karshenas

    () (Department of Economics, SOAS, University of London, UK)


This paper is a comparative study of the role of agriculture in economic development in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia. Popular notions of economic duality and agricultural squeeze in sub-Saharan Africa are re-examined, and new explanations in terms of agrarian structures and resource availabilities are put forward to account for the apparent economic duality in that continent. Comparison with surplus labour economies of Asia highlights the constraints posed by the prevailing agrarian structures for capital accumulation and industrialization in post colonial sub-Saharan Africa. Policy conclusions from this new perspective are contrasted to the conventional policies focussing on price reform and market liberalization.

Suggested Citation

  • Massoud Karshenas, 2000. "Agriculture and Economic Development in Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia," Working Papers 106, Department of Economics, SOAS, University of London, UK.
  • Handle: RePEc:soa:wpaper:106

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Jayne, T. S. & Jones, Stephen, 1997. "Food marketing and pricing policy in Eastern and Southern Africa: A survey," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 25(9), pages 1505-1527, September.
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    JEL classification:

    • O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth
    • P - Economic Systems
    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics


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