IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/snv/dp2009/2016130.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

How Network Visibility and Strategic Networking Leads to the Emergence of Certain Network Characteristics: A Complex Adaptive System Approach

Author

Listed:
  • Somayeh Koohborfardhaghighi

    (College of Engineering, Seoul National University)

  • Jorn Altmann

    (College of Engineering, Seoul National University)

Abstract

Person-to-person interactions within an organization form a network of people. Changes of the structural properties of these networks are caused through a variety of dynamic processes among the people. We argue in this paper that there is a feedback loop between individual actions and the network structure. Therefore, a proper interaction model is needed to explain the emerging structural changes among networked individuals. According to our proposed interaction model, which is based on a complex adaptive system approach, changes in the network properties are consequences of four factors: (1) the initial underlying network structures; (2) the process of network growth; (3) the adoption of strategic responses to what other individuals do in the network; and (4) the network visibility. The experimental results show that all of these factors have influence. If the process of network growth triggers strategic responses of all direct neighbors, we observe a heavy drop in the average shortest path length between the individuals. The value of the average shortest path length shrinks to three, even independently of the visibility of the global network topology. We observe the same trend for the clustering coefficient. Fluctuations in the clustering coefficients are not significant, if visibility of the network topology is set to a high value. However, in the presence of only small number of strategic responses and a high network visibility, a short average shortest path length and a high clustering coefficient can be observed.

Suggested Citation

  • Somayeh Koohborfardhaghighi & Jorn Altmann, 2016. "How Network Visibility and Strategic Networking Leads to the Emergence of Certain Network Characteristics: A Complex Adaptive System Approach," TEMEP Discussion Papers 2016130, Seoul National University; Technology Management, Economics, and Policy Program (TEMEP), revised Aug 2016.
  • Handle: RePEc:snv:dp2009:2016130
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://temep-repec.my-groups.de/DP-130.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2016
    Download Restriction: no
    ---><---

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Somayeh Koohborfardhaghighi & Jorn Altmann, 2014. "How Placing Limitations on the Size of Personal Networks Changes the Structural Properties of Complex Networks," TEMEP Discussion Papers 2014110, Seoul National University; Technology Management, Economics, and Policy Program (TEMEP), revised Jan 2014.
    2. Jackson, Matthew O. & Wolinsky, Asher, 1996. "A Strategic Model of Social and Economic Networks," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 71(1), pages 44-74, October.
    3. Buechel Berno, 2009. "Network Formation with Closeness Incentives," Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical Systems, in: Ahmad K. Naimzada & Silvana Stefani & Anna Torriero (ed.), Networks, Topology and Dynamics, pages 95-109, Springer.
    4. Hollis,, 2007. "Rational Economic Man," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521033886.
    5. Gallo Edoardo, 2012. "Small World Networks with Segregation Patterns and Brokers," Review of Network Economics, De Gruyter, vol. 11(3), pages 1-46, September.
    6. Somayeh Koohborfardhaghighi & Jorn Altmann, 2016. "How Strategic Networking Impacts the Networking Outcome: A Complex Adaptive System Approach," TEMEP Discussion Papers 2016131, Seoul National University; Technology Management, Economics, and Policy Program (TEMEP), revised Aug 2016.
    7. Somayeh Koohborfardhaghighi & Jorn Altmann, 2014. "How Variability in Individual Patterns of Behavior Changes the Structural Properties of Networks," TEMEP Discussion Papers 2014114, Seoul National University; Technology Management, Economics, and Policy Program (TEMEP), revised Jun 2014.
    8. M. Koenig & Claudio J. Tessone & Yves Zenou, "undated". "A Dynamic Model of Network Formation with Strategic Interactions," Working Papers CCSS-09-006, ETH Zurich, Chair of Systems Design.
    9. Somayeh Koohborfardhaghighi & Jörn Altmann, 2015. "A Network Formation Model for Social Object Networks," Springer Books, in: Zhenji Zhang & Zuojun Max Shen & Juliang Zhang & Runtong Zhang (ed.), Liss 2014, edition 127, pages 615-625, Springer.
    10. Lynne Hamill & Nigel Gilbert, 2009. "Social Circles: A Simple Structure for Agent-Based Social Network Models," Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, vol. 12(2), pages 1-3.
    11. D. König Michael & Stefano Battiston, 2009. "From Graph Theory to Models of Economic Networks. A Tutorial," Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical Systems, in: Ahmad K. Naimzada & Silvana Stefani & Anna Torriero (ed.), Networks, Topology and Dynamics, pages 23-63, Springer.
    12. Barabási, Albert-László & Albert, Réka & Jeong, Hawoong, 1999. "Mean-field theory for scale-free random networks," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 272(1), pages 173-187.
    13. Somayeh Koohborfardhaghighi & Jorn Altmann, 2014. "How Structural Changes in Complex Networks Impact Organizational Learning Performance," TEMEP Discussion Papers 2014111, Seoul National University; Technology Management, Economics, and Policy Program (TEMEP), revised Mar 2014.
    14. Thurow, Lester, 1983. "Dangerous Currents: The State of Economics," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198771838, November.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Somayeh Koohborfardhaghighi & Jorn Altmann, 2016. "How Strategic Networking Impacts the Networking Outcome: A Complex Adaptive System Approach," TEMEP Discussion Papers 2016131, Seoul National University; Technology Management, Economics, and Policy Program (TEMEP), revised Aug 2016.

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Somayeh Koohborfardhaghighi & Jorn Altmann, 2016. "How Strategic Networking Impacts the Networking Outcome: A Complex Adaptive System Approach," TEMEP Discussion Papers 2016131, Seoul National University; Technology Management, Economics, and Policy Program (TEMEP), revised Aug 2016.
    2. Somayeh Koohborfardhaghighi & Jorn Altmann, 2014. "How Variability in Individual Patterns of Behavior Changes the Structural Properties of Networks," TEMEP Discussion Papers 2014114, Seoul National University; Technology Management, Economics, and Policy Program (TEMEP), revised Jun 2014.
    3. Somayeh Koohborfardhaghighi & Jörn Altmann, 2015. "A Network Formation Model for Social Object Networks," Springer Books, in: Zhenji Zhang & Zuojun Max Shen & Juliang Zhang & Runtong Zhang (ed.), Liss 2014, edition 127, pages 615-625, Springer.
    4. Dev, Pritha, 2014. "Identity and fragmentation in networks," Mathematical Social Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 86-100.
    5. Liu, Xiaodong & Patacchini, Eleonora & Zenou, Yves & Lee, Lung-Fei, 2011. "Criminal Networks: Who is the Key Player?," Research Papers in Economics 2011:7, Stockholm University, Department of Economics.
    6. Sanjeev Goyal & Marco J. van der Leij & José Luis Moraga-Gonzalez, 2006. "Economics: An Emerging Small World," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 114(2), pages 403-432, April.
    7. de Marti, Joan & Zenou, Yves, 2009. "Social Networks," Working Paper Series 816, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
    8. Frank Emmert-Streib & Aliyu Musa & Kestutis Baltakys & Juho Kanniainen & Shailesh Tripathi & Olli Yli-Harja & Herbert Jodlbauer & Matthias Dehmer, 2017. "Computational Analysis of the structural properties of Economic and Financial Networks," Papers 1710.04455, arXiv.org.
    9. Vigier, A., 2008. "Globalization, Education, and the Topology of Social Networks," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 0851, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
    10. Bargigli, Leonardo & Tedeschi, Gabriele, 2014. "Interaction in agent-based economics: A survey on the network approach," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 399(C), pages 1-15.
    11. Marco Pelliccia, 2015. "Bargaining in Global Communication Networks," Birkbeck Working Papers in Economics and Finance 1507, Birkbeck, Department of Economics, Mathematics & Statistics.
    12. Buechel, Berno & Buskens, Vincent, 2011. "The dynamics of closeness and betweenness," Center for Mathematical Economics Working Papers 398, Center for Mathematical Economics, Bielefeld University.
    13. Hellmann, Tim & Staudigl, Mathias, 2014. "Evolution of social networks," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 234(3), pages 583-596.
    14. , D. & Tessone, Claudio J. & ,, 2014. "Nestedness in networks: A theoretical model and some applications," Theoretical Economics, Econometric Society, vol. 9(3), September.
    15. Matthew O. Jackson & Brian W. Rogers, 2005. "Search in the Formation of Large Networks: How Random are Socially Generated Networks?," Game Theory and Information 0503005, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    16. , David, 2016. "The formation of networks with local spillovers and limited observability," Theoretical Economics, Econometric Society, vol. 11(3), September.
    17. Kazemilari, Mansooreh & Mardani, Abbas & Streimikiene, Dalia & Zavadskas, Edmundas Kazimieras, 2017. "An overview of renewable energy companies in stock exchange: Evidence from minimal spanning tree approach," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 102(PA), pages 107-117.
    18. Fontana, Magda & Terna, Pietro, 2015. "From Agent-based models to network analysis (and return): the policy-making perspective," Department of Economics and Statistics Cognetti de Martiis. Working Papers 201507, University of Turin.
    19. Rodrigo Huerta-Quintanilla & Efrain Canto-Lugo & Dolores Viga-de Alva, 2013. "Modeling Social Network Topologies in Elementary Schools," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 8(2), pages 1-9, February.
    20. Somayeh Koohborfardhaghighi & Jorn Altmann, 2014. "How Structural Changes in Complex Networks Impact Organizational Learning Performance," TEMEP Discussion Papers 2014111, Seoul National University; Technology Management, Economics, and Policy Program (TEMEP), revised Mar 2014.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Co-Author Model; Strategic Behavior; Utility Maximization; Network Growth Models; Complex Adaptive System Approach; Agent-based Modeling and Simulation.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • A13 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Relation of Economics to Social Values
    • C02 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - General - - - Mathematical Economics
    • C15 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Statistical Simulation Methods: General
    • C63 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computational Techniques
    • C73 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Stochastic and Dynamic Games; Evolutionary Games
    • D85 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Network Formation

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:snv:dp2009:2016130. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: . General contact details of provider: https://edirc.repec.org/data/tesnukr.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Jorn Altmann (email available below). General contact details of provider: https://edirc.repec.org/data/tesnukr.html .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.