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Effective Corporate Tax Rates and the Size Distribution of Firms

Author

Listed:
  • Almas Heshmati
  • Dan Johansson
  • Carl Magnus Bjuggren

    () (Technology Management, Economics and Policy Program(TEMEP), Seoul National University)

Abstract

We analyze the effects of effective corporate tax rates on the size distribution of firms. In modelling this relationship we account for conditional variables as well as unobservable time and industry effects. A number of hypotheses are tested concerning heterogeneity in the impact of effective corporate tax rates on the size distributions of firms with regard to firm size class, industry and time. The results are based on data covering the whole Swedish economy for the period 1973-2002. The descriptive results suggest that effective corporate tax rates differ by firm size, industry and over time. Application of t-tests demonstrate inequality in mean and variance of effective corporate tax rates between major size classes but not within major size classes: smaller firms report a higher effective corporate tax rate than larger firms. The t-tests also demonstrate inequality in mean and variance of effective corporate tax rates between industrial sectors: service sector reports a higher effective corporate tax rate than production sector. The regressions show effective corporate tax rates to have: a negative effect on the size distribution of large firms, negative effect on transportation, financing and service sector and a positive effect on manufacturing, electricity and on production sector. We conclude that effective corporate tax rates affect the size distribution of firms as well as the composition of industries.

Suggested Citation

  • Almas Heshmati & Dan Johansson & Carl Magnus Bjuggren, 2009. "Effective Corporate Tax Rates and the Size Distribution of Firms," TEMEP Discussion Papers 200923, Seoul National University; Technology Management, Economics, and Policy Program (TEMEP), revised Nov 2009.
  • Handle: RePEc:snv:dp2009:200923
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Du Rietz, Gunnar & Johansson, Dan & Stenkula, Mikael, 2014. "Swedish Capital Income Taxation (1862–2013)," Working Paper Series 1004, Research Institute of Industrial Economics, revised 10 Sep 2015.
    2. Stamatopoulos, Ioannis & Hadjidema, Stamatina & Eleftheriou, Konstantinos, 2016. "Explaining Corporate Effective Tax Rates Before and During the Financial Crisis: Evidence from Greece," MPRA Paper 73787, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Bartha, Zoltan, 2015. "The Effect of the Tax System as an Institutional Factor on the Business Structure in Europe," MPRA Paper 68027, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 13 Sep 2015.
    4. Du Rietz, Gunnar & Johansson, Dan & Stenkula, Mikael, 2014. "A 150-year Perspective on Swedish Capital Income Taxation," HUI Working Papers 101, HUI Research.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    composition of industries; corporate taxes; effective corporate tax rates; size distribution of firms;

    JEL classification:

    • D21 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Theory
    • H25 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Business Taxes and Subsidies
    • H32 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - Firm
    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms

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