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The Financial Conditions for Swedish SMEs: Survey and Research Agenda

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  • Cressy, Robert
  • Olofsson, Christer

Abstract

This paper shows that in two important sectors of Swedish industry in the early 1990s the existence of finance demand (internally generated) constraints in addition to the familiar finance supply (externally generated) constraints on businesses are a significant empirical phenomenon. Firms are aware that relinquishing some control would improve performance. However, the returns in growth, profits and survival are not sufficient to offset the utility of control loss. Owners of younger firms, especially in Business Services, regard very favourably the added expertise of new (preferably angel) equity holders, with one in three such firms having actively sought new owners. Equity finance is therefore to be regarded as a 'package' from the viewpoint of the smaller firm, with transfer of management skills from venture capitalist to firm sweetening the bitter pill of control-loss. Copyright 1997 by Kluwer Academic Publishers

Suggested Citation

  • Cressy, Robert & Olofsson, Christer, 1997. "The Financial Conditions for Swedish SMEs: Survey and Research Agenda," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 9(2), pages 179-194, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:sbusec:v:9:y:1997:i:2:p:179-94
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. K. Baeyens & S. Manigart, 2006. "Who gets private equity? The role of debt capacity, growth and intangible assets," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium 06/368, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
    2. Kenji Kutsuna & Yuji Honjo, 2005. "External Equity at Start-up and Post-entry Performance: Evidence from Japan," Discussion Papers 2005-46, Kobe University, Graduate School of Business Administration.
    3. Mueller, Elisabeth & Zimmermann, Volker, 2006. "The Importance of Equity Finance for R&D Activity: Are There Differences Between Young and OldCompanies?," ZEW Discussion Papers 06-014, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    4. Henrekson, Magnus & Johansson, Dan, 1999. "Institutional Effects on the Evolution of the Size Distribution of Firms," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 12(1), pages 11-23, February.
    5. Colombelli, Alessandra, 2014. "The Impact of Top Management Team Characteristics on Firms Growth," Department of Economics and Statistics Cognetti de Martiis. Working Papers 201428, University of Turin.
    6. Almas Heshmati & Dan Johansson & Carl Magnus Bjuggren, 2010. "Effective Corporate Tax Rates and the Size Distribution of Firms," Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, Springer, vol. 10(3), pages 297-317, September.
    7. Elisabeth Mueller, 2008. "Benefits of control, capital structure and company growth," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(21), pages 2721-2734.
    8. Steven J. Davis & Magnus Henrekson, 2010. "Economic Performance and Market Work Activity in Sweden After the Crisis of the Early 1990s," NBER Chapters,in: Reforming the Welfare State: Recovery and Beyond in Sweden, pages 225-252 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. Brian Lucey & Colm KEarney & Ciaran MacAnBhaird, 2012. "Culture and capital structure in small and medium sized firms," The Institute for International Integration Studies Discussion Paper Series iiisdp419, IIIS.
    10. Elisabeth Müller & Volker Zimmermann, 2009. "The importance of equity finance for R&D activity," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 33(3), pages 303-318, October.
    11. Ciarán mac an Bhaird & Brian Lucey, 2010. "Determinants of capital structure in Irish SMEs," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 35(3), pages 357-375, October.
    12. Yuting Li & Tong Chen & Baogui Xin, 2016. "Optimal Financing Decisions of Two Cash-Constrained Supply Chains with Complementary Products," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(5), pages 1-17, April.
    13. King, Roger & Peng, Winnie Qian, 2013. "The effect of industry characteristics on the control longevity of founding-family firms," Journal of Family Business Strategy, Elsevier, vol. 4(4), pages 281-295.
    14. Colin Mason & Richard Harrison, 2003. "Closing the Regional Equity Gap? A Critique of the Department of Trade and Industry's Regional Venture Capital Funds Initiative," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(8), pages 855-868.
    15. Cassar, Gavin, 2004. "The financing of business start-ups," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 261-283, March.
    16. repec:gam:jsusta:v:8:y:2016:i:5:p:429:d:69266 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Hogan, Teresa & Hutson, Elaine, 2005. "Capital structure in new technology-based firms: Evidence from the Irish software sector," Global Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 15(3), pages 369-387, February.
    18. Halldin, Torbjörn, 2012. "External finance, collateralizable assets and export market entry," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 268, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.

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