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Learning with Bounded Memory in Stochastic Models

  • Kaushik Mitra

    ()

    (University of Helsinki)

  • Seppo Honkapohja

    ()

    (University of Helsinki)

There exists by now a sizeable literature that studies the dynamics of adaptive learning in stochastic macroeconomic models. A common starting point is to postulate that economic agents use standard econometric techniques to estimate the unknown parameters of the stochastic process of the relevant variables and forecast the future values using these estimated parameter values. A feature of learning is that, in the limit, agents are assumed to have access to an infinite amount of data. Our goal here, by contrast, is to analyze finite memory rules in stochastic economic models. We consider a wide variety of macroeconomic models, both linear and nonlinear, where agents are learning steady states. We study some basic issues here. Does the state of the economy have some invariant distribution in the long run? Is there convergence of the moments of the forecast? What is the influence of memory length on the residual variance of these forecasts? What can one say about these moments in nonlinear models? We provide answers to these questions for the models we analyze.

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Paper provided by Society for Computational Economics in its series Computing in Economics and Finance 1999 with number 221.

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Date of creation: 01 Mar 1999
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Handle: RePEc:sce:scecf9:221
Contact details of provider: Postal: CEF99, Boston College, Department of Economics, Chestnut Hill MA 02467 USA
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Web page: http://fmwww.bc.edu/CEF99/

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  1. Evans George W. & Honkapohja Seppo, 1994. "On the Local Stability of Sunspot Equilibria under Adaptive Learning Rules," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 64(1), pages 142-161, October.
  2. Evans, George, 1985. "Expectational Stability and the Multiple Equilibria Problem in Linear Rational Expectations Models," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 100(4), pages 1217-33, November.
  3. Evans George W. & Guesnerie Roger, 1993. "Rationalizability, Strong Rationality, and Expectational Stability," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 5(4), pages 632-646, October.
  4. Kaushik Mitra, . "Is more data better?," Discussion Papers 00/44, Department of Economics, University of York.
  5. Balasko, Yves & Royer, Daniel, 1996. "Stability of Competitive Equilibrium with Respect to Recursive and Learning Processes," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 68(2), pages 319-348, February.
  6. Grandmont, Jean-Michel, 1985. "On Endogenous Competitive Business Cycles," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 53(5), pages 995-1045, September.
  7. Grandmont, Jean-Michel, 1994. "Expectations formation and stability of large socioeconomic systems," CEPREMAP Working Papers (Couverture Orange) 9424, CEPREMAP.
  8. George W. Evans & Seppo Honkapohja, 2000. "Convergence for difference equations with vanishing time-dependence, with applications to adaptive learning," Economic Theory, Springer, vol. 15(3), pages 717-725.
  9. Grandmont Jean-michel & Laroque Guy, 1985. "Stability of cycles and expectations," CEPREMAP Working Papers (Couverture Orange) 8519, CEPREMAP.
  10. repec:att:wimass:9530 is not listed on IDEAS
  11. Evans, George W & Honkapohja, Seppo, 1995. "Local Convergence of Recursive Learning to Steady States and Cycles in Stochastic Nonlinear Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 63(1), pages 195-206, January.
  12. Lucas, Robert E, Jr, 1973. "Some International Evidence on Output-Inflation Tradeoffs," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 63(3), pages 326-34, June.
  13. William A. Brock & Cars H. Hommes, 1997. "A Rational Route to Randomness," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 65(5), pages 1059-1096, September.
  14. Grandmont Jean-michel & Laroque G, 1990. "Economic dynamics with learning : some instability examples," CEPREMAP Working Papers (Couverture Orange) 9007, CEPREMAP.
  15. George W. Evans & Seppo Honkapohja, 1993. "Adaptive forecasts, hysteresis, and endogenous fluctuations," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, pages 3-13.
  16. Marcet, Albert & Nicolini, Juan Pablo, 1998. "Recurrent Hyperinflations and Learning," CEPR Discussion Papers 1875, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  17. James Bullard, 1991. "Learning equilibria," Working Papers 1991-004, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
  18. Evans, George W. & Honkapohja, Seppo, 1999. "Learning dynamics," Handbook of Macroeconomics, in: J. B. Taylor & M. Woodford (ed.), Handbook of Macroeconomics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 7, pages 449-542 Elsevier.
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