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Immigrant Over- and Under-education: The Role of Home Country Labour Market Experience

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The cause of immigrant education mismatch in the host country labour market might not necessarily be discrimination or imperfect transferability of human capital, as argued in previous studies. Immigrants who have gained professional experience in the home country in jobs below their education level might be assessed by host country employers as having lower abilities and skills than those expected from their educational qualifications. Using the Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Australia we show that a significant part of the variation in the immigrants’ probability to be over-/under-educated in the Australian labour market can be explained by having been over-/under-educated in the last job in the home country.

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  • Matloob Piracha & Massimiliano Tani & Florin Vadean, 2010. "Immigrant Over- and Under-education: The Role of Home Country Labour Market Experience," CEIS Research Paper 175, Tor Vergata University, CEIS, revised 09 Dec 2010.
  • Handle: RePEc:rtv:ceisrp:175
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    Cited by:

    1. Mesbah Sharaf, 2013. "The earnings of immigrants and the quality adjustment of immigrant human capital," IZA Journal of Migration and Development, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 2(1), pages 1-18, December.
    2. Eleni Kalfa & Matloob Piracha, 2017. "Immigrants’ educational mismatch and the penalty of over-education," Education Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 25(5), pages 462-481, September.
    3. Carroll, David & Tani, Massimiliano, 2011. "Labour Market Under-Utilisation of Recent Higher Education Graduates: New Australian Panel Evidence," IZA Discussion Papers 6047, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    4. Tani, Massimiliano, 2018. "Selective Immigration, Occupational Licensing, and Labour Market Outcomes of Foreign-Trained Migrants," IZA Discussion Papers 11370, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    5. Massimiliano Tani, 2021. "Occupational Licensing and the Skills Mismatch of Highly Educated Migrants," British Journal of Industrial Relations, London School of Economics, vol. 59(3), pages 730-756, September.
    6. Wanner, Philippe & Pecoraro, Marco & Tani, Massimiliano, 2021. "Does Educational Mismatch Affect Emigration Behaviour?," IZA Discussion Papers 14558, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    7. Duleep, Harriet & Liu, Xingfei & Regets, Mark, 2018. "Country of Origin, Earnings Convergence, and Human Capital Investment: A New Method for the Analysis of U.S. Immigrant Economic Assimilation," GLO Discussion Paper Series 247, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
    8. Theo Sparreboom & Alexander Tarvid, 2016. "Imbalanced Job Polarization and Skills Mismatch in Europe," Journal for Labour Market Research, Springer;Institute for Employment Research/ Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), vol. 49(1), pages 15-42, July.
    9. Nick Parr & Ross Guest, 2020. "Migrant Age Profiles and Long‐Run Living Standards in Australia," Australian Economic Review, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, vol. 53(2), pages 183-197, June.
    10. Tani, Massimiliano, 2018. "Selective immigration policies, occupational licensing, and the quality of migrants’ education-occupation match," GLO Discussion Paper Series 206, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
    11. Stefano Visintin & Kea Tijdens & Maarten van Klaveren, 2015. "Skill mismatch among migrant workers: evidence from a large multi-country dataset," IZA Journal of Migration and Development, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 4(1), pages 1-34, December.
    12. Merve Cim & Michael Kind & Jan Kleibrink, 2020. "Occupational mismatch of immigrants in Europe: the role of education and cognitive skills," Education Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 28(1), pages 96-112, January.
    13. Yassine Khoudja, 2018. "Employment and Education–Occupation Mismatches of Immigrants and their Children in the Netherlands: Comparisons with the Native Majority Group," Social Inclusion, Cogitatio Press, vol. 6(3), pages 119-141.
    14. James Ted McDonald & Maria Rebecca Valenzuela, 2017. "How Does Skills Mismatch Affect Remittances? A Study Of Filipino Migrant Workers," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 35(1), pages 216-231, January.
    15. Massimiliano Tani & Christopher Heaton & Gavin Chan, 2013. "The Wage Premium of Foreign Education: New Evidence from Australia," Australian Economic Review, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, vol. 46(4), pages 395-404, December.
    16. Matloob Piracha & Florin Vadean, 2013. "Migrant educational mismatch and the labor market," Chapters, in: Amelie F. Constant & Klaus F. Zimmermann (ed.), International Handbook on the Economics of Migration, chapter 9, pages 176-192, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    17. Falcke, Swantje & Meng, Christoph & Nollen, Romy, 2016. "Educational mismatches for second generation migrants. An analysis of applied science graduates in the Netherlands," Research Memorandum 028, Maastricht University, Graduate School of Business and Economics (GSBE).
    18. Sheruni De Alwis & Nick Parr & Fei Guo, 2020. "The Education–Occupation (Mis)Match of Asia-Born Immigrants in Australia," Population Research and Policy Review, Springer;Southern Demographic Association (SDA), vol. 39(3), pages 519-548, June.
    19. Pernilla Joona & Nabanita Gupta & Eskil Wadensjö, 2014. "Overeducation among immigrants in Sweden: incidence, wage effects and state dependence," IZA Journal of Migration and Development, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 3(1), pages 1-23, December.
    20. Falcke, Swantje & Meng, Christoph & Nollen, Romy, 2016. "Educational mismatches for second generation migrants. An analysis of applied science graduates in the Netherlands," ROA Research Memorandum 010, Maastricht University, Research Centre for Education and the Labour Market (ROA).
    21. Carroll, David & Tani, Massimiliano, 2013. "Over-education of recent higher education graduates: New Australian panel evidence," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 207-218.
    22. Edvard N. Larsen & Adrian F. Rogne & Gunn E. Birkelund, 2018. "Perfect for the Job? Overqualification of Immigrants and their Descendants in the Norwegian Labor Market," Social Inclusion, Cogitatio Press, vol. 6(3), pages 78-103.
    23. Seamus McGuinness & Delma Byrne, 2015. "Born abroad and educated here: examining the impacts of education and skill mismatch among immigrant graduates in Europe," IZA Journal of Migration and Development, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 4(1), pages 1-30, December.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    immigration; education-occupation mismatch; sample selection;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C34 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Truncated and Censored Models; Switching Regression Models
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers

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