Government Fiscal Efforts vs. Labour Union Strikes: It Takes Two to Tango
In this paper, we propose a novel policy-game model to analyze the simultaneous interaction between the government and the labour union in a unionized economy. Our model explains how the economic and political interaction between labour unions, concerning wages and strikes, and the government, dealing with unemployment and fiscal policy, gives rise to a long run Cournot-Nash equilibrium. We estimate the policy-game model by a cointegrated Vector Autoregressive system using Italian quarterly data (1960-2009) on government budget surplus (fiscal efforts) and on hours not worked (strikes) and the speed of their long run adjustment. At equilibrium, a rise in unemployment has a negative effect on the level of effort and strike, while a rise in wages has a positive and negative effect on the level of effort and strike, respectively. A phase diagram interpretation of the estimated model is provided and some policy implications are discussed.
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|Date of revision:||Jan 2014|
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