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Foreign exchange intervention and monetary policy design: a market microstructure analysis

Author

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  • Montoro, Carlos

    (Banco Central de Reserva del Perú
    Concejo Fiscal (CF))

  • Ortiz, Marco

    (Banco Central de Reserva del Perú)

Abstract

In this paper we extend a new Keynesian open economy model to include risk-averse FX dealers and FX intervention by the monetary authority. These ingredients generate deviations from the uncovered interest parity (UIP) condition. More precisely, in this setup portfolio decisions of the dealers add endogenously a time variant risk-premium element to the traditional UIP that depends on FX intervention by the central bank and FX orders by foreign investors. We analyse the effectiveness of different strategies of FX intervention (e.g.,unanticipated operations or via a preannounced rule) to affect the volatility of the exchange rate and the transmission mechanism of the interest rate. Our findings are as follows: (i) FX intervention has a strong interaction with monetary policy in general equilibrium; (ii) FX intervention rules can have stronger stabilisation power than discretion in response to shocks because they exploit the expectations channel; and (iii) there are some trade-offs in the use of FX intervention, since it can help to isolate the economy from external financial shocks, but it prevents some necessary adjustments on the exchange rate as a response to nominal and real external shocks.

Suggested Citation

  • Montoro, Carlos & Ortiz, Marco, 2016. "Foreign exchange intervention and monetary policy design: a market microstructure analysis," Working Papers 2016-008, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
  • Handle: RePEc:rbp:wpaper:2016-008
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Valeria Bejarano-Salcedo & William Iván Moreno-Jimenez & Juan Manuel Julio-Román, 2020. "La Magnitud y Duración del Efecto de la Intervención por Subastas sobre el Mercado Cambiario: El caso Colombiano," Borradores de Economia 1142, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    2. Roberto Chang, 2019. "Foreign Exchange Intervention Redux," Central Banking, Analysis, and Economic Policies Book Series, in: Álvaro Aguirre & Markus Brunnermeier & Diego Saravia (ed.),Monetary Policy and Financial Stability: Transmission Mechanisms and Policy Implications, edition 1, volume 26, chapter 7, pages 205-247, Central Bank of Chile.
    3. Drygalla, Andrej, 2017. "Monetary policy in an oil-dependent economy in the presence of multiple shocks," IWH Discussion Papers 14/2017, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    4. Carrasco, Alex & Florián, David & Nivín, Rafael, 2019. "SFX Interventions, Financial Intermediation, and External Shocks in Emerging Economies," Working Papers 2019-022, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
    5. David Svacina, 2018. "Devaluation with Exchange rate Floor in a Small Open Economy," Working Papers IES 2018/06, Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Economic Studies, revised Feb 2018.
    6. Mauricio Villamizar-Villegas & Yasin Kursat Onder, 2020. "Uncovering Time-Specific Heterogeneity in Regression Discontinuity Designs," Borradores de Economia 1141, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    7. Carlos Montoro & Marco Ortiz, 2020. "The Portfolio Channel of Capital Flows and Foreign Exchange Intervention in A Small Open Economy," Working Papers 168, Peruvian Economic Association.
    8. Nuttathum Chutasripanich & James Yetman, 2015. "Foreign exchange intervention: strategies and effectiveness," BIS Working Papers 499, Bank for International Settlements.
    9. Helena Glebocki Keefe & Hedieh Shadmani, 2020. "Examining the asymmetric monetary policy response to foreign exchange market conditions in emerging and developing economies," International Economics and Economic Policy, Springer, vol. 17(2), pages 503-530, May.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Foreign exchange Microestructure; Exchange rate dynamics; Exchange Rate Intervention; Monetary policy; Information Heterogeneity;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E4 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates
    • E5 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit
    • F3 - International Economics - - International Finance
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets

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