Macroeconomic risk and the size of government- do globalisation andinstitutions matter?
We present an empirical model where output growth volatility and government expenditure are jointly endogenous and both are affected by policies and institutions. We ¯nd that output volatility increases government expenditure, but higher expenditure, causes greater out-put volatility. This suggests that discretionary government intervention is destabilising. Trade openness drives both higher expenditure and greater output volatility. Financial openness instead disciplines the size of government. Political institutions that strengthen policymaker's ac-countability towards the electorate result in lower expenditure and, in-directly, contribute to output stabilisation. Institutional arrangements concerning the central bank are not neutral: a more independent centralbank calls for lower output volatility.
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- Chinn, Menzie D. & Ito, Hiro, 2006.
"What matters for financial development? Capital controls, institutions, and interactions,"
Journal of Development Economics,
Elsevier, vol. 81(1), pages 163-192, October.
- Menzie D. Chinn & Hiro Ito, 2005. "What Matters for Financial Development? Capital Controls, Institutions, and Interactions," NBER Working Papers 11370, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Chinn, Menzie David & Ito, Hiro, 2005. "What Matters for Financial Development? Capital Controls, Institutions, and Interactions," Santa Cruz Department of Economics, Working Paper Series qt5pv1j341, Department of Economics, UC Santa Cruz.
- Chinn, Menzie David & Ito, Hiro, 2005. "What Matters for Financial Development? Capital Controls, Institutions, and Interactions," Santa Cruz Center for International Economics, Working Paper Series qt5pv1j341, Center for International Economics, UC Santa Cruz.
- Chinn,M.D. & Ito,H., 2005. "What matters for financial development? : capital controls, institutions, and interactions," Working papers 4, Wisconsin Madison - Social Systems.
- Atish R. Ghosh & Anne-Marie Gulde & Holger C. Wolf, 2003. "Exchange Rate Regimes: Choices and Consequences," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262072408, June.
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