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The Coordination Value of Monetary Exchange: Experimental Evidence

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  • Gabriele Camera
  • Marco Casari

Abstract

A new behavioral foundation is uncovered for why money promotes impersonal exchange. In an experiment, subjects could cooperate by intertemporally exchanging goods with anonymous opponents met at random. Indefinite repetition supported multiple equilibria, from full defection to the efficient outcome. Introducing the possibility to hold and exchange intrinsically worthless tickets affected outcomes and cooperation patterns. Tickets resembled fiat money, which emerged as a tool for equilibrium selection in the economy. Monetary exchange facilitated coordination on cooperation and redistributed surplus from defectors to cooperators. Treatments where subjects could develop a reputation revealed a limited record-keeping role for monetary exchange.

Suggested Citation

  • Gabriele Camera & Marco Casari, 2010. "The Coordination Value of Monetary Exchange: Experimental Evidence," Purdue University Economics Working Papers 1239, Purdue University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:pur:prukra:1239
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Douglas Davis & Oleg Korenok & Peter Norman & Bruno Sultanum & Randall Wright, 2019. "Playing with Money," Working Paper 19-2, Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, revised 07 Feb 2019.
    2. Baeriswyl Romain & Cornand Camille, 2018. "The distortionary effect of monetary policy: credit expansion vs. lump-sum transfers in the lab," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 18(2), pages 1-30, June.
    3. Masaki Aoyagi & V. Bhaskar & Guillaume R. Fréchette, 2019. "The Impact of Monitoring in Infinitely Repeated Games: Perfect, Public, and Private," American Economic Journal: Microeconomics, American Economic Association, vol. 11(1), pages 1-43, February.
    4. Gabriele Camera & Dror Goldberg & Avi Weiss, 2016. "Endogenous Market Formation and Monetary Trade: an Experiment," Working Papers 16-19, Chapman University, Economic Science Institute.
    5. Jalali-Naini, Seyed Ahmad Reza & Rabie Hamedani, Hasti, 2016. "Crypto Currencies and the Blockchain Technology: An Evolutionary Review of Money and the Payment Systems," Journal of Money and Economy, Monetary and Banking Research Institute, Central Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran, vol. 11(3), pages 245-265, July.
    6. Gabriele Camera & Marco Casari, 2018. "Monitoring institutions in indefinitely repeated games," Experimental Economics, Springer;Economic Science Association, vol. 21(3), pages 673-691, September.
    7. Gabriele Camera & Cary Deck & David Porter, 2020. "Do economic inequalities affect long-run cooperation and prosperity?," Experimental Economics, Springer;Economic Science Association, vol. 23(1), pages 53-83, March.
    8. Gabriele Camera & Cary Deck & David Porter, 2019. "Do Economic Inequalities Affect Long-Run Cooperation & Prosperity?," Working Papers 19-09, Chapman University, Economic Science Institute.
    9. Janet Hua Jiang & Cathy Zhang, 2017. "Competing Currencies in the Laboratory," Staff Working Papers 17-53, Bank of Canada.
    10. Bigoni, Maria & Camera, Gabriele & Casari, Marco, 2020. "Money is more than memory," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 110(C), pages 99-115.
    11. Daniela Puzzello & Brit Grosskpof & John Duffy, 2011. "Gift Exchange versus Monetary Exchange: Experimental Evidence," 2011 Meeting Papers 1153, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    12. Luis Araujo & Bernardo Guimaraes, 2017. "A Coordination Approach to the Essentiality of Money," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 24, pages 14-24, March.
    13. Kazuya Kamiya & Hajime Kobayashi & Tatsuhiro Shichijo & Takashi Shimizu, 2019. "Efficiency of Monetary Exchange with Divisible Fiat Money: An Experimental Approach," Discussion Paper Series DP2019-21, Research Institute for Economics & Business Administration, Kobe University.
    14. Gabriele Camera & Dror Goldberg & Avi WeissBar-Ilan, 2020. "Endogenous Market Formation and Monetary Trade: An Experiment," Journal of the European Economic Association, European Economic Association, vol. 18(3), pages 1553-1588.
    15. Maria Bigoni & Gabriele Camera & Marco Casari, 2019. "Cooperation among strangers with and without a monetary system," Working Papers 19-01, Chapman University, Economic Science Institute.
    16. Camera, Gabriele & Gioffré, Alessandro, 2014. "Game-theoretic foundations of monetary equilibrium," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 51-63.
    17. Gabriele Camera & Lukas Hohl & Rolf Weder, 2019. "Breaking Up: Experimental Insights into Economic (Dis)Integration," Working Papers 19-25, Chapman University, Economic Science Institute.
    18. Jiang, Janet Hua & Zhang, Cathy, 2018. "Competing currencies in the laboratory," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 154(C), pages 253-280.
    19. Gabriele Camera, 2016. "A Perspective on Electronic Alternatives to Traditional Currencies," Working Papers 16-32, Chapman University, Economic Science Institute.
    20. Maria Bigoni & Gabriele Camera & Marco Casari, 2019. "Partners or Strangers? Cooperation, Monetary Trade, and the Choice of Scale of Interaction," American Economic Journal: Microeconomics, American Economic Association, vol. 11(2), pages 195-227, May.
    21. repec:pit:wpaper:449 is not listed on IDEAS
    22. M. Bigoni & G. Camera & M. Casari, 2015. "Money and the Scale of Cooperation," Working Papers wp1045, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
    23. Anbarci, Nejat & Dutu, Richard & Feltovich, Nick, 2015. "Inflation tax in the lab: a theoretical and experimental study of competitive search equilibrium with inflation," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 17-33.
    24. Gabriele Camera & Cary Deck & David Porter, 2016. "Do Economic Inequalities Affect Long-Run Cooperation?," Working Papers 16-18, Chapman University, Economic Science Institute.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    money; cooperation; information; trust; folk theorem; repeated games;

    JEL classification:

    • C90 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - General
    • C70 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - General
    • D80 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - General

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