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Multidimensional Poverty Mapping for Rural Pakistan


  • Hameed, Abdul
  • Padda, Ihtsham ul Haq
  • Karim, Shahid


This paper estimates and maps the multidimensional poverty for rural Pakistan. It uses micro data from household surveys to construct the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) with human development indicators like education, health, standard of living and wealth. Furthermore, it identifies multiple deprivations at individual level contributions in education, health, standard of living and wealth in the rural multidimensional poverty as overall and district levels. The results show that the 59 percent rural population of Pakistan is poor. The district Thatta, in Sindh, district Dera Ghazi Khan in Punjab and the district Nowshera in the KPK record highest multidimensional poverty index. No district is included from Baluchistan due to unavailability of data. It is expounded that the policy makers can develop the strategies to reduce the rural poverty by enhancing rural education, improving living standards and creating opportunities for income.

Suggested Citation

  • Hameed, Abdul & Padda, Ihtsham ul Haq & Karim, Shahid, 2016. "Multidimensional Poverty Mapping for Rural Pakistan," MPRA Paper 85022, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:85022

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Anirudh Krishna, 2011. "Characteristics and Patterns of Intergenerational Poverty Traps and Escapes in Rural North India," Working Papers id:3940, eSocialSciences.
    2. Foster, James E, 1998. "Absolute versus Relative Poverty," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(2), pages 335-341, May.
    3. Taseer Salahuddin & Asad Zaman, 2012. "Multidimensional Poverty Measurement in Pakistan: Time Series Trends and Breakdown," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 51(4), pages 493-504.
    4. G. M. Arif & Shujaat Farooq, 2014. "Rural Poverty Dynamics in Pakistan: Evidence from Three Waves of the Panel Survey," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 53(2), pages 71-98.
    5. Amara Amjad Hashmi & Maqbool H. Sial & Maaida Hussain Hashmi, 2008. "Trends and Determinants of Rural Poverty: A Logistic Regression Analysis of Selected Districts of Punjab," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 47(4), pages 909-923.
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    Cited by:

    1. Abdul Hameed & Zara Qaiser, 2019. "Estimating Social Exclusion in Rural Pakistan: A Contribution to Social Development Policies," Business & Economic Review, Institute of Management Sciences, Peshawar, Pakistan, vol. 11(1), pages 103-122, March.
    2. Jifei Zhang & Chunyan Liu & Craig Hutton & Hriday Lal Koirala, 2018. "Geographical Dynamics of Poverty in Nepal between 2005 and 2011: Where and How?," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(6), pages 1-24, June.
    3. Hameed, Abdul & Qaiser, Zara, 2017. "Estimating Sustainable Development and Social Exclusion in Rural Pakistan," MPRA Paper 84973, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item


    Multidimensional poverty; Education; Living standard; Wealth; Rural Pakistan;

    JEL classification:

    • D10 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - General
    • I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General
    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • R20 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - General

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