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Разрыв Между Югом И Западом По Уровню Экономического Развития Сокращается?
[Catching up: Developing countries in pursuit of growth]

Author

Listed:
  • Popov, Vladimir

Abstract

This paper examines the trajectory of growth in the Global South. Before the 1500s all countries were roughly at the same level of development, but from the 1500s Western countries started to grow faster than the rest of the world and PPP GDP per capita by 1950 in the US, the richest Western nation, was nearly 5 times higher than the world average. Since 1950 this ratio stabilized – not only Western Europe and Japan improved their relative standing in per capita income versus the US, but also East Asia, South Asia and some developing countries in other regions started to bridge the gap with the West. After nearly half of millennium of growing economic divergence, the world seems to have entered the era of convergence. The factors behind these trends are analyzed; implications for the future and scenarios are considered. В статье исследуется долговременная траектория роста развивающихся стран. До 16 века все страны находились примерно на одном уровне экономического развития, но затем страны, которые мы сегодня называем западными, стали расти быстрее остальных. К 1950г. США, наиболее развитая страна Запада, достигла ВВП на душу по ППС почти 5 раз выше, чем в среднем в мире. С 1950 г., однако, рост этого соотношения прекратился: Западная Европа и Япония подтянулись в послевоенный период к уровню США по подушевому доходу; Восточная и Южная Азия, а также некоторые страны в других регионах тоже стали сокращать этот разрыв. После почти пяти столетий роста разрыва в подушевых доходах Юга и Запада, мир, похоже, вступил в период выравнивания уровней развития. В статье анализируются факторы такой неравномерной динамики, сценарии на будущее и последствия для мирового экономического порядка.

Suggested Citation

  • Popov, Vladimir, 2015. "Разрыв Между Югом И Западом По Уровню Экономического Развития Сокращается?
    [Catching up: Developing countries in pursuit of growth]
    ," MPRA Paper 65893, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:65893
    as

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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/65924/1/MPRA_paper_65924.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    convergence; divergence; gap in per capita income between the West and the South; economic growth; institutional capacity of the state -------------------------------- разрыв в уровнях подушевого дохода между развитыми и развивающимися странами; Запад; Юг; экономический рост; институциональный потенциал государства; догоняющее развитие;

    JEL classification:

    • N0 - Economic History - - General
    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General
    • O43 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Institutions and Growth
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence

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