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Les enquêtes sur le secteur informel à Djibouti : une analyse comparative 1980-2001
[The surveys on the informal sector in Djibouti: A Comparative Analysis 1980-2001]

Author

Listed:
  • Mahamoud, Ismael
  • Adair, Philippe

Abstract

The informal sector, according to ILO’s definition, nurtures to a large extent both the economic activities of the port as well as the overall economy of Djibouti. A comparative approach of two surveys carried out in 1980 (PECTA) and 2001 (PATARE) emphasizes the evolution of the various branches and sets the limits of such a cross section analysis. The small size of the units in terms of occupied workers and the segmentation of employment, the property of capital and self-financing of initial investment, as well as the absence of bookkeeping are the main characteristics of the small businesses. They face economic and institutional constraints regarding financing needs vs. credit rationing from the banking system, strong competition and lack of outlets, as well as excess of taxes and regulations.

Suggested Citation

  • Mahamoud, Ismael & Adair, Philippe, 2006. "Les enquêtes sur le secteur informel à Djibouti : une analyse comparative 1980-2001
    [The surveys on the informal sector in Djibouti: A Comparative Analysis 1980-2001]
    ," MPRA Paper 59136, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:59136
    as

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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/59136/1/Adair-Mahamoud_vfinale.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Friedrich Schneider & Dominik Enste, 1999. "Shadow Economies Around the World - Size, Causes, and Consequences," CESifo Working Paper Series 196, CESifo Group Munich.
    2. Fields, Gary S., 1975. "Rural-urban migration, urban unemployment and underemployment, and job-search activity in LDCs," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 2(2), pages 165-187, June.
    3. Dominik H. Enste & Friedrich Schneider, 2000. "Shadow Economies: Size, Causes, and Consequences," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 38(1), pages 77-114, March.
    4. Harris, John R & Todaro, Michael P, 1970. "Migration, Unemployment & Development: A Two-Sector Analysis," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 60(1), pages 126-142, March.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Mahamoud, Ismael, 2006. "Les hawalas : les systèmes informels de transfert des fonds
      [Hawala: informal funds transfer systems]
      ," MPRA Paper 48883, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Mahamoud, Ismael, 2008. "Contraintes institutionnelles et règlementaires et le secteur informel à Djibouti
      [Institutional and regulatory constraints and the informal sector in Djibouti]
      ," MPRA Paper 48886, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Djibouti; employment; financing; informal sector; PATARE; PECTA; regulations; segmentation; surveys; small businesses; tax burden;

    JEL classification:

    • O17 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements
    • O5 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies
    • O55 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Africa

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