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Quantile-Based Nonparametric Inference for First-Price Auctions

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  • Marmer, Vadim
  • Shneyerov, Artyom

Abstract

We propose a quantile-based nonparametric approach to inference on the probability density function (PDF) of the private values in first-price sealed-bid auctions with independent private values. Our method of inference is based on a fully nonparametric kernel-based estimator of the quantiles and PDF of observable bids. Our estimator attains the optimal rate of Guerre, Perrigne, and Vuong (2000), and is also asymptotically normal with the appropriate choice of the bandwidth. As an application, we consider the problem of inference on the optimal reserve price.

Suggested Citation

  • Marmer, Vadim & Shneyerov, Artyom, 2006. "Quantile-Based Nonparametric Inference for First-Price Auctions," MPRA Paper 5899, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 02 Mar 2006.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:5899
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Emmanuel Guerre & Isabelle Perrigne & Quang Vuong, 2000. "Optimal Nonparametric Estimation of First-Price Auctions," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 68(3), pages 525-574, May.
    2. Paarsch, Harry J., 1997. "Deriving an estimate of the optimal reserve price: An application to British Columbian timber sales," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 78(2), pages 333-357, June.
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    6. Marmer, Vadim & Shneyerov, Artyom, 2012. "Quantile-based nonparametric inference for first-price auctions," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 167(2), pages 345-357.
    7. Philip A. Haile & Han Hong & Matthew Shum, 2003. "Nonparametric Tests for Common Values at First-Price Sealed-Bid Auctions," NBER Working Papers 10105, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Newey, Whitney K., 1994. "Kernel Estimation of Partial Means and a General Variance Estimator," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 10(2), pages 1-21, June.
    9. Marmer, Vadim & Shneyerov, Artyom, 2009. "Supplement to "Quantile-Based Nonparametric Inference for First-Price Auctions"," Microeconomics.ca working papers vadim_marmer-2009-61, Vancouver School of Economics, revised 09 Sep 2010.
    10. Rosa L. Matzkin, 2003. "Nonparametric Estimation of Nonadditive Random Functions," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(5), pages 1339-1375, September.
    11. Li, Tong & Perrigne, Isabelle & Vuong, Quang, 2003. "Semiparametric Estimation of the Optimal Reserve Price in First-Price Auctions," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 21(1), pages 53-64, January.
    12. Emmanuel Guerre & Isabelle Perrigne & Quang Vuong, 2009. "Nonparametric Identification of Risk Aversion in First-Price Auctions Under Exclusion Restrictions," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 77(4), pages 1193-1227, July.
    13. Li, Qi & Racine, Jeffrey S, 2008. "Nonparametric Estimation of Conditional CDF and Quantile Functions With Mixed Categorical and Continuous Data," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 26, pages 423-434.
    14. Philip A. Haile & Elie Tamer, 2003. "Inference with an Incomplete Model of English Auctions," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 111(1), pages 1-51, February.
    15. Matt Shum & Phil Haile & Han Hong, 2003. "Nonparametric Tests for Common Values in First-Price Auctions," Economics Working Paper Archive 501, The Johns Hopkins University,Department of Economics.
    16. Guerre, E. & Perrigne, I. & Vuong, Q., 1995. "Nonparametric Estimation of First-Price Auctions," Papers 9504, Southern California - Department of Economics.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Zincenko, Federico, 2018. "Nonparametric estimation of first-price auctions with risk-averse bidders," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 205(2), pages 303-335.
    2. Jun Ma & Vadim Marmer & Artyom Shneyerov & Pai Xu, 2019. "Monotonicity-Constrained Nonparametric Estimation and Inference for First-Price Auctions," Papers 1909.12974, arXiv.org.
    3. Enache, Andreea & Florens, Jean-Pierre, 2020. "Quantile Analysis of "Hazard-Rate" Game Models," TSE Working Papers 20-1117, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE).
    4. Guerre, Emmanuel & Sabbah, Camille, 2012. "Uniform Bias Study And Bahadur Representation For Local Polynomial Estimators Of The Conditional Quantile Function," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 28(1), pages 87-129, February.
    5. Marmer, Vadim & Shneyerov, Artyom & Xu, Pai, 2013. "What model for entry in first-price auctions? A nonparametric approach," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 176(1), pages 46-58.
    6. Yao Luo & Yuanyuan Wan, 2015. "Integrated-quantile-based estimation for first price auction models," Working Papers tecipa-539, University of Toronto, Department of Economics.
    7. Joris Pinkse & Karl Schurter, 2019. "Estimation of Auction Models with Shape Restrictions," Papers 1912.07466, arXiv.org.
    8. Yao Luo & Isabelle Perrigne & Quang Vuong, 2014. "Structural Analysis of Nonlinear Pricing," Working Papers tecipa-518, University of Toronto, Department of Economics.
    9. Ma, Jun & Marmer, Vadim & Shneyerov, Artyom, 2019. "Inference for first-price auctions with Guerre, Perrigne, and Vuong’s estimator," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 211(2), pages 507-538.
    10. Nathalie Gimenes, 2014. "Econometrics of Ascending Auctions by Quantile Regression," Working Papers, Department of Economics 2014_25, University of São Paulo (FEA-USP).
    11. Marmer, Vadim & Shneyerov, Artyom, 2012. "Quantile-based nonparametric inference for first-price auctions," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 167(2), pages 345-357.
    12. Zhang, Yu Yvette, 2017. "A shape constrained estimator of bidding function of first-price sealed-bid auctions," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 150(C), pages 67-72.
    13. Robert Clark & Decio Coviello & Jean-Fran�ois Gauthier & Art Shneyerov, 2018. "Bid Rigging and Entry Deterrence in Public Procurement: Evidence from an Investigation into Collusion and Corruption in Quebec," Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization, Oxford University Press, vol. 34(3), pages 301-363.
    14. Luo, Yao, 2018. "Identification of participation constraints in contracts," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 173(C), pages 84-87.
    15. Yao Luo & Yuanyuan Wan, 2018. "Integrated-Quantile-Based Estimation for First-Price Auction Models," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(1), pages 173-180, January.
    16. Andreea Enache & Jean-Pierre Florens, 2020. "Identification and Estimation in a Third-Price Auction Model," Post-Print hal-02929530, HAL.
    17. Nianqing Liu & Yao Luo, 2014. "A Nonparametric Test of Exogenous Participation in First-Price Auctions," Working Papers tecipa-519, University of Toronto, Department of Economics.
    18. Rothe, Christoph & Wied, Dominik, 2020. "Estimating derivatives of function-valued parameters in a class of moment condition models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 217(1), pages 1-19.
    19. Emmanuel Guerre & Camille Sabbah, 2009. "Uniform Bias Study and Bahadur Representation for Local Polynomial Estimators of the Conditional Quantile Function," Working Papers 648, Queen Mary University of London, School of Economics and Finance.
    20. Enache, Andreea & Florens, Jean-Pierre, 2019. "Identification and Estimation in a Third-Price Auction Model," TSE Working Papers 19-989, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    First-price auctions; independent private values; nonparametric estimation; kernel estimation; quantiles; optimal reserve price;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • D44 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - Auctions

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