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Οι Πτωχεύσεις Του Ελληνικού Κράτους
[Greek Sovereign Defaults in Retrospect]


  • Lefteris, Tsoulfidis


This article presents and critically evaluates the Greek sovereign defaults and puts them into historical perspective. More specifically, each of the four defaults of the Greek State (1827, 1843, 1893 and 1932) was not an isolated episode in the turbulent economic history of capitalism, but rather it was a manifestation of the respective worldly depressionary periods of 1815-1845, 1873-1896, 1920 - 1940(5). In other words, the depressions increased substantially the likelihood of a default especially for the weaker economies. This by no means implies that the Greek sovereign defaults were to occur as in a natural phenomenon-like way, but rather to show that in each particular default the general economic conditions, in combination with wrong economic policies pursued, in most cases, by inept governments further increased the likelihood of a default, as this can be judged from the Greek experience of the past four defaults. Different economic policies could have postponed or even rescued the country from sovereign defaults and their dire consequences for the vast majority of people. Furthermore, the paper shows that post-default economic life was exceedingly more difficult and it took decades until the return to normalcy.

Suggested Citation

  • Lefteris, Tsoulfidis, 2012. "Οι Πτωχεύσεις Του Ελληνικού Κράτους
    [Greek Sovereign Defaults in Retrospect]
    ," MPRA Paper 42843, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 17 Nov 2012.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:42843

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Carmen M. Reinhart & Kenneth S. Rogoff, 2011. "From Financial Crash to Debt Crisis," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 101(5), pages 1676-1706, August.
    2. Tsoulfidis, Lefteris, 2010. "Από Την Οικονομική Άνθηση Στην Κρίση Του 1930
      [From Economic Prosperity to the Depression of 1930s]
      ," MPRA Paper 31746, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 16 May 2011.
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    More about this item


    Sovereign default; depressions; long waves; Greek economy;

    JEL classification:

    • N10 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - General, International, or Comparative
    • N20 - Economic History - - Financial Markets and Institutions - - - General, International, or Comparative
    • B50 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Current Heterodox Approaches - - - General
    • H63 - Public Economics - - National Budget, Deficit, and Debt - - - Debt; Debt Management; Sovereign Debt
    • N40 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - General, International, or Comparative

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