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Contributions of the private sector to global biodiversity protection: case study of the fortune 500 companies


  • Bhattacharya, Tania Ray
  • Managi, Shunsuke


This paper assesses the current activities of U.S. Fortune 500 companies with respect to global biodiversity protection and the goals of the Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD). Data and information collected from five hundred companies within eight major industrial sectors was further categorized at the company level to assess each company’s involvement in global biodiversity protection. Our findings show that although companies’ business profiles highly influence their decision-making process regarding the adoption of biodiversity protection policies and measures, their revenue profiles are less influential. We show that despite generating low revenues, companies in the utility sector are more active in the adoption of biodiversity protection policy than are those in the financial sector, which generates high revenues. This study also demonstrates that companies must be convinced of the major effects of biodiversity loss on their bottom lines to be motivated to protect biological diversity. Companies’ business and business related risk profiles can also influence the adoption of biodiversity protection policies within the company. The study further demonstrates that a measurable biodiversity impact indicator is necessary for the companies to get seriously involved in the mitigation action. Finally this study proposes a three step biodiversity loss mitigation action framework which is drawn upon the assessment of the 500 companies which can contribute to develop an elaborative framework of business sector specific mitigation plan.

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  • Bhattacharya, Tania Ray & Managi, Shunsuke, 2012. "Contributions of the private sector to global biodiversity protection: case study of the fortune 500 companies," MPRA Paper 39949, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:39949

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Levrel, Harold & Fontaine, Benoît & Henry, Pierre-Yves & Jiguet, Frédéric & Julliard, Romain & Kerbiriou, Christian & Couvet, Denis, 2010. "Balancing state and volunteer investment in biodiversity monitoring for the implementation of CBD indicators: A French example," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(7), pages 1580-1586, May.
    2. Rondinelli, Dennis A. & Berry, Michael A., 2000. "Environmental citizenship in multinational corporations: social responsibility and sustainable development," European Management Journal, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 70-84, February.
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    Cited by:

    1. E.O. Marfo & L. Chen & H. Xuhua & H.A. Antwi & E. Yiranbon, 2015. "Corporate Social Responsibility: Driving Dynamics on Firm’s Profitability in Ghana," International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, Human Resource Management Academic Research Society, International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, vol. 5(3), pages 116-132, July.

    More about this item


    Biodiversity; business sector; Fortune 500 companies; business risk; revenue;

    JEL classification:

    • Q50 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - General
    • M20 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Economics - - - General
    • H00 - Public Economics - - General - - - General

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