Productivité du travail, capital humain et écart technologique dans les industries manufacturières marocaines
[Labor productivity, human capital and technology gap in manufacturing Moroccan]
We estimated the interaction between economic openness, foreign presence and productivity of work in the case of Moroccan manufacturing industries. Econometric estimates in panel data show that skilled labor, export capacity and the foreign presence exert a positive and significant impact on the apparent labor productivity of Moroccan firms. However, the relationship between foreign presence and productivity depends on the absorptive capacity of Moroccan firms and the technology gap between foreign firms and Moroccan firms. Foreign presence does not automatically transfer and technology diffusion. A technology gap too large or too small between foreign firms and domestic firms may not facilitate this transfer.
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